Intel® Arria® 10 Transceiver PHY User Guide

ID 683617
Date 9/15/2023
Document Table of Contents

7.4. User Recalibration

User Recalibration is needed if below conditions are met:
  • During Device Power Up:
    • During device power up, CLKUSR is asserted and running, but the transceiver reference clock remains deasserted until after the power up process is complete.
    • During device power up, CLKUSR and the transceiver reference clock are asserted and running. When the device power up process is complete, the transceiver reference clock changes frequency. Either the transceiver reference clock could become unstable, or your application requires a different transceiver reference clock during normal operation, which could cause a data rate change.
  • After a dynamic reconfiguration process that triggers a data rate change:

    After device power up in normal operation, you reconfigure the transceiver data rate by changing the channel configurations or the PLLs, recalibrate the:

    • ATX PLL if ATX PLL has new VCO frequency to support new data rate.
    • fPLL if the fPLL has new VCO frequency to support new data rate.
      Note: fPLL recalibration is not needed if the dynamic reconfiguration method used to achieve new data rate (new VCO frequency) is done using the fPLL L counter /1,2,4,8 division factor.
    • CDU/CMU as TX PLL. You must recalibrate the RX PMA of the channel which uses the CMU as TX PLL.
    • RX PMA and TX PMA channel if the transceiver configuration changes to support new data rates.
  • Other conditions that require a user recalibration:
    • Recalibrate the fPLL if the fPLL is connected as a second PLL (downstream cascaded PLL). The downstream fPLL received the reference clock from the upstream PLL (could be from fPLL/ CDR). Recalibrating the second fPLL is important especially if the upstream PLL output clock (which is the downstream fPLL's reference clock) is not present or stable during power-up calibration.
    • For ATX PLL or fPLL used to drive PLL feedback compensation bonding, recalibrate the PLL after power up calibration.
Note: If you are recalibrating your ATX PLL or fPLL, follow the ATX PLL-to-ATX PLL or fPLL-to-ATX PLL spacing guideline as stated in the "Transmit PLLs Spacing Guideline when using ATX PLLs and fPLLs" chapter.

You can initiate the recalibration process by writing to the specific recalibration registers. You must also reset the