External Memory Interface Handbook Volume 2: Design Guidelines

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ID 683385
Date 5/08/2017
Public
Document Table of Contents

1.1.5. DDR, DDR2, DDR3, and DDR4 SDRAM DIMM Options

Unbuffered DIMMs (UDIMMs) require one set of chip-select (CS#), on-die termination (ODT), clock-enable (CKE), and clock pair (CK/CKn) for every physical rank on the DIMM. Registered DIMMs use only one pair of clocks. DDR3 registered DIMMs require a minimum of two chip-select signals, while DDR4 requires only one.

Compared to the unbuffered DIMMs (UDIMM), registered and load-reduced DIMMs (RDIMMs and LRDIMMs, respectively) use at least two chip-select signals CS#[1:0] in DDR3 and DDR4. Both RDIMMs and LRDIMMs require an additional parity signal for address, RAS#, CAS#, and WE# signals. A parity error signal is asserted by the module whenever a parity error is detected.

LRDIMMs expand on the operation of RDIMMs by buffering the DQ/DQS bus. Only one electrical load is presented to the controller regardless of the number of ranks, therefore only one clock enable (CKE) and ODT signal are required for LRDIMMs, regardless of the number of physical ranks. Because the number of physical ranks may exceed the number of physical chip-select signals, DDR3 LRDIMMs provide a feature known as rank multiplication, which aggregates two or four physical ranks into one larger logical rank. Refer to LRDIMM buffer documentation for details on rank multiplication.

The following table shows UDIMM and RDIMM pin options for DDR, DDR2, and DDR3.

Table 2.  UDIMM and RDIMM Pin Options for DDR, DDR2, and DDR3

Pins

UDIMM Pins (Single Rank)

UDIMM Pins

(Dual Rank)

RDIMM Pins (Single Rank)

RDIMM Pins

(Dual Rank)

Data

72 bit DQ[71:0] =

{CB[7:0], DQ[63:0]}

72 bit DQ[71:0] =

{CB[7:0], DQ[63:0]}

72 bit DQ[71:0] =

{CB[7:0], DQ[63:0]}

72 bit DQ[71:0]=

{CB[7:0], DQ[63:0]}

Data Mask

DM[8:0]
DM[8:0]
DM[8:0]
DM[8:0]

Data Strobe  (1)

DQS[8:0] and DQS#[8:0]

DQS[8:0] and DQS#[8:0]

DQS[8:0] and DQS#[8:0]

DQS[8:0] and DQS#[8:0]

Address

BA[2:0], A[15:0]

2 GB: A[13:0]

4 GB: A[14:0]

8 GB: A[15:0]

BA[2:0], A[15:0]

2 GB: A[13:0]

4 GB: A[14:0]

8 GB: A[15:0]

BA[2:0], A[15:0]

2 GB: A[13:0]

4 GB: A[14:0]

8 GB: A[15:0]

BA[2:0], A[15:0]

2 GB: A[13:0]

4 GB: A[14:0]

8 GB: A[15:0]

Clock

CK0/CK0#

CK0/CK0#, CK1/CK1#

CK0/CK0#

CK0/CK0#

Command

ODT, CS#, CKE, RAS#, CAS#, WE#

ODT[1:0], CS#[1:0], CKE[1:0], RAS#, CAS#, WE#

ODT, CS#[1:0], CKE, RAS#, CAS#, WE# 2

ODT[1:0], CS#[1:0], CKE[1:0], RAS#, CAS#, WE#

Parity

PAR_IN, ERR_OUT

PAR_IN, ERR_OUT

Other Pins

SA[2:0], SDA, SCL, EVENT#, RESET#

SA[2:0], SDA, SCL, EVENT#, RESET#

SA[2:0], SDA, SCL, EVENT#, RESET#

SA[2:0], SDA, SCL, EVENT#, RESET#

Note to Table:

  1. DQS#[8:0] is optional in DDR2 SDRAM and is not supported in DDR SDRAM interfaces.
  2. For single rank DDR2 RDIMM, ignore CS#[1] because it is not used.

The following table shows LRDIMM pin options for DDR3.

Table 3.  LRDIMM Pin Options for DDR3

Pins

LRDIMM Pins (x4, 2R)

LRDIMM (x4, 4R, RMF=1) 3

LRDIMM Pins (x4, 4R, RMF=2)

LRDIMM Pins (x4, 8R, RMF=2)

LRDIMM Pins (x4, 8R, RMF=4)

LRDIMM (x8, 4R, RMF=1) 3

LRDIMM Pins (x8, 4R, RMF=2)

Data

72 bit DQ [71:0]=

{CB [7:0], DQ [63:0]}

72 bit DQ [71:0]=

{CB [7:0], DQ [63:0]}

72 bit DQ [71:0]=

{CB [7:0], DQ [63:0]}

72 bit DQ [71:0]=

{CB [7:0], DQ [63:0]}

72 bit DQ [71:0]=

{CB [7:0], DQ [63:0]}

72 bit DQ [71:0]=

{CB [7:0], DQ [63:0]}

72 bit DQ [71:0]=

{CB [7:0], DQ [63:0]}

Data Mask

DM[8:0] DM[8:0]

Data Strobe

DQS[17:0] and DQS#[17:0]

DQS[17:0] and DQS#[17:0]

DQS[17:0] and DQS#[17:0]

DQS[17:0] and DQS#[17:0]

DQS[17:0] and DQS#[17:0]

DQS[8:0] and DQS#[8:0] DQS[8:0] and DQS#[8:0]

Address

BA[2:0], A[15:0]
-2GB:A[13:0]
4GB:A[14:0]
8GB:A[15:0]

BA[2:0], A[15:0]
-2GB:A[13:0]
4GB:A[14:0]
8GB:A[15:0]

BA[2:0], A[16:0]
-4GB:A[14:0]
8GB:A[15:0]
16GB:A[16:0]

BA[2:0], A[16:0]
-4GB:A[14:0]
8GB:A[15:0]
16GB:A[16:0]

  

BA[2:0], A[17:0]
-16GB:A[15:0]
32GB:A[16:0]
64GB:A[17:0]

  

BA[2:0], A[15:0]
-2GB:A[13:0]
4GB:A[14:0]
8GB:A[15:0]

BA[2:0], A[16:0]
-4GB:A[14:0]
8GB:A[15:0]
16GB:A[16:0]

Clock

CK0/CK0#

CK0/CK0#

CK0/CK0#

CK0/CK0#

CK0/CK0#

CK0/CK0#

CK0/CK0#

Command

ODT, CS[1:0]#, CKE, RAS#, CAS#, WE#

ODT, CS[3:0]#, CKE, RAS#, CAS#, WE#

ODT, CS[2:0]#, CKE, RAS#, CAS#, WE#

ODT, CS[3:0]#, CKE, RAS#, CAS#, WE#

ODT, CS[3:0]#, CKE, RAS#, CAS#, WE#

ODT, CS[3:0]#, CKE, RAS#, CAS#, WE#

ODT, CS[2:0]#, CKE, RAS#, CAS#, WE#

Parity

PAR_IN, ERR_OUT

PAR_IN, ERR_OUT

PAR_IN, ERR_OUT

PAR_IN, ERR_OUT

PAR_IN, ERR_OUT

PAR_IN, ERR_OUT

PAR_IN, ERR_OUT

Other Pins

SA[2:0], SDA, SCL, EVENT#, RESET#

SA[2:0], SDA, SCL, EVENT#, RESET#

SA[2:0], SDA, SCL, EVENT#, RESET#

SA[2:0], SDA, SCL, EVENT#, RESET#

SA[2:0], SDA, SCL, EVENT#, RESET#

SA[2:0], SDA, SCL, EVENT#, RESET#

SA[2:0], SDA, SCL, EVENT#, RESET#

Notes to Table:

  1. DM pins are not used for LRDIMMs that are constructed using ×4 components.
  2. S#[2] is treated as A[16] (whose corresponding pins are labeled as CS#[2] or RM[0]) and S#[3] is treated as A[17] (whose corresponding pins are labeled as CS#[3] or RM[1]) for certain rank multiplication configuration.
  3. R = rank, RMF = rank multiplication factor.

The following table shows UDIMM, RDIMM, and LRDIMM pin options for DDR4.

Table 4.  UDIMM, RDIMM, and LRDIMM Pin Options for DDR4
Pins UDIMM Pins (Single Rank) UDIMM Pins (Dual Rank) RDIMM Pins (Single Rank) RDIMM Pins (Dual Rank) LRDIMM Pins (Dual Rank) LRDIMM Pins (Quad Rank)
Data

72 bit DQ[71:0]=

{CB[7:0],

DQ[63:0]}

72 bit DQ[71:0]=

{CB[7:0],

DQ[63:0]}

72 bit DQ[71:0]=

{CB[7:0],

DQ[63:0]}

72 bit DQ[71:0]=

{CB[7:0],

DQ[63:0]}

72 bit DQ[71:0]=

{CB[7:0],

DQ[63:0]}

72 bit DQ[71:0]=

{CB[7:0],

DQ[63:0]}

Data Mask DM#/DBI#[8:0] (1) DM#/DBI#[8:0] (1) DM#/DBI#[8:0] (1) DM#/DBI#[8:0] (1)
Data Strobe x8: DQS[8:0] and DQS#[8:0] x8: DQS[8:0] and DQS#[8:0] x8: DQS[8:0] and DQS#[8:0] x4: DQS[17:0] and DQS#[17:0] x8: DQS[8:0] and DQS#[8:0] x4: DQS[17:0] and DQS#[17:0] x4: DQS[17:0] and DQS#[17:0] x4: DQS[17:0] and DQS#[17:0]
Address

BA[1:0], BG[1:0], A[16:0] -

4GB: A[14:0]

8GB: A[15:0]

16GB: A[16:0] (2)

BA[1:0], BG[1:0], A[16:0] -

8GB: A[14:0]

16GB: A[15:0]

32GB: A[16:0] (2)

BA[1:0], BG[1:0], x8: A[16:0] -

4GB: A[14:0]

8GB: A[15:0]

16GB: A[16:0] (2)

32GB: A[17:0] (3)

BA[1:0], BG[1:0],x8: A[16:0] x4: A[17:0] -

8GB: A[14:0]

16GB: A[15:0]

32GB: A[16:0] (2)

64GB: A[17:0] (3)

BA[1:0], BG[1:0], A[17:0] -

16GB: A[15:0]

32GB: A[16:0] (2)

64GB: A[17:0] (3)

BA[1:0], BG[1:0], A[17:0] -

32GB: A[15:0]

64GB: A[16:0] (2)

128GB: A[17:0] (3)

Clock CK0/CK0# CK0/CK0#, CK1/CK1# CK0/CK0# CK0/CK0# CK0/CK0# CK0/CK0#
Command ODT, CS#, CKE, ACT#, RAS#/A16, CAS#/A15, WE#/A14 ODT[1:0], CS#[1:0], CKE[1:0], ACT#, RAS#/A16, CAS#/A15, WE#/A14 ODT, CS#, CKE, ACT#, RAS#/A16, CAS#/A15, WE#/A14 ODT[1:0], CS#[1:0], CKE, ACT#, RAS#/A16, CAS#/A15, WE#/A14 ODT, CS#[1:0], CKE, ACT#, RAS#/A16, CAS#/A15, WE#/A14 ODT, CS#[3:0], CKE, ACT#, RAS#/A16, CAS#/A15, WE#/A14
Parity PAR, ALERT# PAR, ALERT# PAR, ALERT# PAR, ALERT# PAR, ALERT# PAR, ALERT#
Other Pins SA[2:0], SDA, SCL, EVENT#, RESET# SA[2:0], SDA, SCL, EVENT#, RESET# SA[2:0], SDA, SCL, EVENT#, RESET# SA[2:0], SDA, SCL, EVENT#, RESET# SA[2:0], SDA, SCL, EVENT#, RESET# SA[2:0], SDA, SCL, EVENT#, RESET#

Notes to Table:

  1. DM/DBI pins are available only for DIMMs constructed using x8 or greater components.
  2. This density requires 4Gb x4 or 2Gb x8 DRAM components.
  3. This density requires 8Gb x4 DRAM components.
  4. This table assumes a single slot configuration. The Arria 10 memory controller can support up to 4 ranks per channel. A single slot interface may have up to 4 ranks, and a dual slot interface may have up to 2 ranks per slot. In either cse, the total number of ranks, calculated as the number of slots multipled by the number of ranks per slot, must be less than or equal to 4.

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