External Memory Interfaces Intel® Stratix® 10 FPGA IP User Guide

ID 683741
Date 3/11/2022
Public

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3.8.2. Intel® Stratix® 10 Ping Pong PHY Architecture

In Intel® Stratix® 10 EMIF, the Ping Pong PHY feature can be enabled only with the hard memory controller, where two hard memory controllers are instantiated—one for the primary interface and one for the secondary interface.

The hard memory controller I/O bank of the primary interface is used for address and command and is always adjacent and above the hard memory controller bank of the secondary interface. All four lanes of the primary hard memory controller bank are used for address and command.

The following example shows a 2x16 Ping Pong PHY bank-lane configuration. The upper bank (I/O bank N) is the address and command bank, which serves both the primary and secondary interfaces. The primary hard memory controller is linked to the secondary interface by the Ping Pong bus. The lower bank (I/O bank N-1) is the secondary interface bank, which carries the data buses for both primary and secondary interfaces. In the 2x16 case a total of four I/O banks are required for data, hence two banks in total are sufficient for the implementation.

The data for the primary interface is routed down to the top two lanes of the secondary I/O bank, and the data for the secondary interface is routed to the bottom two lanes of the secondary I/O bank.

Figure 20. 2x16 Ping Pong PHY I/O Bank-Lane Configuration


A 2x32 interface can be implemented similarly, with the additional data lanes placed above and below the primary and secondary I/O banks, such that primary data lanes are placed above the primary bank and secondary data lanes are placed below the secondary bank.

Figure 21.  2x32 Ping Pong PHY I/O Bank-Lane Configuration.


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