L-tile and H-tile Avalon® Memory-mapped Intel® FPGA IP for PCI Express* User Guide

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ID 683667
Date 11/11/2021
Public
Document Table of Contents

11.1.2. Hardware Bring-Up Issues

Typically, PCI Express hardware bring-up involves the following steps:

  1. System reset
  2. Link training
  3. BIOS enumeration

The following sections describe how to debug the hardware bring-up flow. Intel recommends a systematic approach to diagnosing bring-up issues as illustrated in the following figure.

Figure 74. Debugging Link Training Issues

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