AN 886: Intel® Agilex™ Device Design Guidelines

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ID 683634
Date 8/26/2022
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7.10.1.4. I/O Power Guidelines

Table 102.  I/O Power Guidelines Checklist
Number Done? Checklist Item
1   Review the I/O power guidelines.

The dynamic power consumed in the I/O buffer is proportional to the total load capacitance; therefore, lower capacitance reduces power consumption.

Non-terminated I/O standards such as LVTTL and LVCMOS have a rail to-rail output swing equal to the VCCIO supply voltage. Because dynamic power is proportional to the square of the voltage, use lower voltage I/O standards to reduce dynamic power. These I/O standards consume little static power.

Because dynamic power is also proportional to the output transition frequency, use resistively-terminated I/O standards such as SSTL for high-frequency applications. The output load voltage swings by an amount smaller than the VCCIO around a bias point; therefore, dynamic power is lower than for non-terminated I/O under similar conditions.

Resistively-terminated I/O standards dissipate significant static power because current is constantly driven into the termination network. Use the lowest drive strength that meets your speed and waveform requirements to minimize static power when using resistively terminated I/O standards.

The power used by external devices is not included in the Intel® FPGA Power and Thermal Calculator calculations, so be sure to include it separately in your system power calculations.

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