P-tile Avalon® Memory-mapped Intel® FPGA IP for PCI Express* User Guide

ID 683268
Date 7/14/2021
Public
Document Table of Contents

6.2.4. Using the P-Tile Debug Toolkit

The following sections describe the different tabs and features available in the Debug Toolkit.

A. Main View

The main view tab lists a summary of the transmitter and receiver settings per channel for the given instance of the PCIe IP.

The following table shows the channel mapping when using bifurcated ports.
Table 66.  Channel Mapping for Bifurcated Ports
Toolkit Channel X16 Mode 2X8 Mode 4x4 Mode
Lane 0 Lane 0 Lane 0 Lane 0
Lane 1 Lane 1 Lane 1 Lane 1
Lane 2 Lane 2 Lane 2 Lane 2
Lane 3 Lane 3 Lane 3 Lane 3
Lane 4 Lane 4 Lane 4 Lane 0
Lane 5 Lane 5 Lane 5 Lane 1
Lane 6 Lane 6 Lane 6 Lane 2
Lane 7 Lane 7 Lane 7 Lane 3
Lane 8 Lane 8 Lane 0 Lane 0
Lane 9 Lane 9 Lane 1 Lane 1
Lane 10 Lane 10 Lane 2 Lane 2
Lane 11 Lane 11 Lane 3 Lane 3
Lane 12 Lane 12 Lane 4 Lane 0
Lane 13 Lane 13 Lane 5 Lane 1
Lane 14 Lane 14 Lane 6 Lane 2
Lane 15 Lane 15 Lane 7 Lane 3

B. Toolkit Parameters

The Toolkit parameters window has 2 sub-tabs.

B.1. P-Tile Information

This lists a summary of the P-Tile PCIe IP parameter settings in the PCIe IP Parameter Editor when the IP was generated, as read by the P-Tile Debug Toolkit when initialized.

When using bifurcated ports, you will see all the P-Tile information for each port for which the Debug Toolkit has been enabled.

All the information is read-only.

Use the Get P-tile Info button to read the settings.

Table 67.  P-Tile Available Parameter Settings
Parameter Values Descriptions
Intel Vendor ID 1172 Indicates the Vendor ID as set in the IP Parameter Editor.
Protocol PCIe Indicates the Protocol.
HIP Type Root Port, End Point Indicates the Hard IP Port type.
Intel IP Type intel_pcie_ptile_ast, intel_pcie_ptile_avmm Indicates the IP type used.
Advertised speed Gen3, Gen4 Indicates the advertised speed as configured in the IP Parameter Editor.
Advertised width x16, x8, x4 Indicates the advertised width as configured in the IP Parameter Editor.
Negotiated speed Gen3, Gen4 Indicates the negotiated speed during link training.
Negotiated width x16, x8, x4 Indicates the negotiated link width during link training.
Link status Link up, link down Indicates if the link (DL) is up or not.
Retimer 1 Detected, not detected Indicates if a retimer was detected between the Root Port and the Endpoint.
Retimer 2 Detected, not detected Indicates if a retimer was detected between the Root Port and the Endpoint.
Figure 39. Example of P-Tile Parameter Settings

B.2. PCIe Configuration Space

This lists a summary of the P-Tile PCIe configuration settings of the PCIe configuration space registers, as read by the P-Tile Debug Toolkit when initialized.

All the information is read-only.

Use the Read cfg space button to read the settings.

Figure 40. Example of P-Tile PCIe Configuration Settings

C. Channel Parameters

The channel parameters window allows you to monitor and control the transmitter and receiver settings for a given channel. It has the following 2 sub-windows.

C.1. TX Path

This tab allows you to monitor and control the transmitter settings for the channel selected. Use the TX Refresh button to read the settings, TX Apply Ch to apply the settings to the selected channel, and TX apply all to apply the settings to all channels.

Table 68.  Transmitter Settings
  Parameters Values Descriptions
PHY Status Refclk enable Enable, Disable

Indicates reference clock is enabled for the PHY.

Enable: Reference clock is enabled for the PHY.

Disable: Reference clock is disabled for the PHY.

PHY reset Normal, Reset

Indicates the PHY is in reset mode.

Normal: PHY is out of reset.

Reset: PHY is in reset.

TX Status TX Lane enable Enable, Disable

Indicates if TX lane is enabled in the PHY.

Enable: TX lane is enabled in the PHY.

Disable: TX lane is disabled in the PHY.

TX Data enable Enable, Disable

Indicates if TX driver is enabled and serial data is transmitted.

Enable: TX driver for the corresponding lane is enabled.

Disable: TX driver for the corresponding lane is disabled.

TX Reset Normal, Reset

Indicates if TX (TX datapath, TX settings) is in reset or normal operating mode.

Normal: TX is in normal operating mode.

Reset: TX is in reset.

TX PLL TX PLL enable Enable, Disable

Indicates if the TX PLL is powered on or powered down. This is dependent on the PLL selected as indicated by TX PLL select.

There is one set of PLLs per Quad. The TX path of each channel reads out the PLL status corresponding to that Quad.
  • TX path for Ch0 to 3: Status of PLLs in Quad0
  • TX path for Ch4 to 7: Status of PLLs in Quad1
  • TX path for Ch8 to 11: Status of PLLs in Quad2
  • TX path for Ch12 to 15: Status of PLLs in Quad3

Enable: TX PLL is powered on.

Disable: TX PLL is powered down.

TX PLL select

PLLA: Gen1/Gen2

PLLB: Gen3/Gen4

Indicates which PLL is selected.

There is one set of PLLs per Quad. The TX path of each channel reads out the PLL status corresponding to that Quad.
  • TX path for Ch0 to 3: Status of PLLs in Quad0
  • TX path for Ch4 to 7: Status of PLLs in Quad1
  • TX path for Ch8 to 11: Status of PLLs in Quad2
  • TX path for Ch12 to 15: Status of PLLs in Quad3
TX PLL lock Green, Red

Indicates if TX PLL is locked. This is dependent on the PLL selected as indicated by TX PLL select.

There is one set of PLLs per Quad. The TX path of each channel reads out the PLL status corresponding to that Quad.
  • TX path for Ch0 to 3: Status of PLLs in Quad0
  • TX path for Ch4 to 7: Status of PLLs in Quad1
  • TX path for Ch8 to 11: Status of PLLs in Quad2
  • TX path for Ch12 to 15: Status of PLLs in Quad3

Green: TX PLL is locked.

Red: TX PLL is not locked.

TX VOD Iboost level

Gen3: 15

Gen4: 15

Indicates the transmitter current boost level when the TX amplitude boost mode is enabled.

Vboost en

Gen3 Enable

Gen4 Enable

Indicates if the TX swing boost level is enabled.

Enable: TX swing boost is enabled.

Disable: TX swing boost is disabled.

Vboost level

Gen3: 5

Gen4: 5

Indicates the TX Vboost level.
TX Equalization Pre-shoot coefficient

Gen3: 20 (Preset 8)

Gen4: 0 (Preset 0)

Indicates transmitter driver output pre-emphasis (pre-shoot coefficient).

Main coefficient

Gen3: 30 (Preset 8)

Gen4: 30 (Preset 0)

Indicates transmitter driver output pre-emphasis (main coefficient).

Post coefficient

Gen3: 20 (Preset 8)

Gen4: 40 (Preset 0)

Indicates transmitter driver output pre-emphasis (post coefficient).

Figure 41. Example of Transmitter Settings

C.1. RX Path

This tab allows you to monitor and control the receiver settings for the channel selected. Use the RX Refresh button to read the settings, RX Apply Ch to apply the settings to the selected channel, and RX apply all to apply the settings to all channels.

Table 69.  Receiver Settings
  Parameters Values Descriptions
RX Status RX Lane enable Enable, Disable

Indicates if RX lane is enabled in the PHY.

Enable: RX lane is enabled in the PHY.

Disable: RX lane is disabled in the PHY.

RX Data enable Enable, Disable

Indicates if RX driver is enabled and serial data is transmitted.

Enable: RX driver for the corresponding lane is enabled.

Disable: RX driver for the corresponding lane is disabled.

RX Reset Normal, Reset

Indicates if RX (RX datapath, RX settings) is in reset or normal operating mode.

Normal: RX is in normal operating mode.

Reset: RX is in reset.

RX LOS <1,0>

Indicates if the receiver has lost the signal.

1: Receiver loss of signal.

0: Receiver has a data signal.

RX CDR CDR Lock Green, Red

Indicates the CDR lock state.

Green: CDR is locked.

Red: CDR is not locked.

CDR Mode Locked to Reference (LTR), Locked to Data (LTD)

Indicates the CDR lock mode.

LTR: CDR is locked to reference clock.

LTD: CDR is locked to data.

RX Equalization Adapt Mode

Gen3: Gen3 adaptation mode.

Gen4: Gen4 adaptation mode.

Indicates the RX adaptation mode.

Adapt Continuous

Gen3: 1

Gen4: 1

Indicates if the receiver is in continuous adaptation.
  • 0 - continuous adaptation off.
  • 1 - continuous adaptation on.
RX ATT

Gen3: 0

Gen4: 0

Indicates the RX equalization attenuation level.

RX CTLE Boost

Gen3: 12

Gen4: 16

Indicates the RX CTLE boost value.

RX CTLE Pole

Gen3: 2

Gen4: 2

Indicates the RX CTLE pole value.

RX VGA1

Gen3: 5

Gen4: 5

Indicates the RX AFE first stage VGA gain value.

RX VGA2

Gen3: 5

Gen4: 5

Indicates the RX AFE second stage VGA gain value.

RX FOM <0-255>

Indicates the Receiver Figure of Merit (FOM) / quality of the received data eye. A higher value indicates better link equalization, with 8'd0 indicating the worst equalization setting and 8'd255 indicating the best equalization setting.

DFE Enable Enable, Disable

Indicates DFE adaptation is enabled for taps 1 - 5.

Enable: DFE adaptation is enabled for taps 1 - 5.

Disable: DFE adaptation is disabled for taps 1 - 5.

DFE Tap1 adapted value <-128 to 127>

Indicates the adapted value of DFE tap 1. This is a signed input (two's complement encoded).

DFE Tap2 adapted value <-32 to 31>

Indicates the adapted value of DFE tap 2. This is a signed input (two's complement encoded).

DFE Tap3 adapted value <-32 to 31>

Indicates the adapted value of DFE tap 3. This is a signed input (two's complement encoded).

DFE Tap4 adapted value <-32 to 31>

Indicates the adapted value of DFE tap 4. This is a signed input (two's complement encoded).

DFE Tap5 adapted value <-32 to 31>

Indicates the adapted value of DFE tap 5. This is a signed input (two's complement encoded).

Figure 42. Example of Receiver Settings

Eye Viewer

The P-Tile Debug Toolkit supports running eye tests for Intel devices with P-Tile. The Eye Viewer tool allows you to set up and run eye tests, monitoring bit errors.

  1. In the System Console Tools menu option, click on Eye View Tool.
    Figure 43. Opening the Eye Viewer
  2. This will open a new tab Eye View Tool next to the Main View tab. Choose the instance and channel for which you want to run the eye view tests.
    Figure 44. Opening the Instance and Channel
  3. Choose the eye vertical step setting from the drop-down menu. The eye view tool allows you to choose between vertical step sizes of 1, 2, 4, 8.
    Note: The time taken for the eye view tool to draw the eye varies with different vertical step sizes (8 results in a faster eye plot when compared to 1).
    Figure 45. Choosing the Step Size
  4. The messages window displays information messages to indicate the eye view tool's progress.
    Figure 46. Eye View Tool Messages
  5. Once the eye plot is complete, the eye height, eye width and eye diagram are displayed.
    Figure 47. Sample Eye Plot

Did you find the information on this page useful?

Characters remaining:

Feedback Message