Intel® Hyperflex™ Architecture High-Performance Design Handbook

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ID 683353
Date 10/04/2021
Public
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2.4.2.1. High-Speed Clock Domains

Intel® Hyperflex™ architecture FPGAs support very high-speed clock domains. The Compiler uses programmable clock tree synthesis to minimize clock insertion delay, reduce dynamic power dissipation, and provide clocking flexibility in the device core.

Device minimum pulse width constraints can limit the highest performance of Intel® Hyperflex™ architecture FPGA clocks. As the number of resources on a given clock path increase, uncertainty and skew increases on the clock pulse. If clock uncertainty exceeds the minimum pulse width of the target device, this lowers the minimum viable clock period. This effect is a function of total clock insertion delay on the path. To counter this effect for high-speed clock domains, use the Chip Planner and Timing Analyzer reports to optimize clock source placement in your design.

If reports indicate limitation from long clock routes, adjust the clock pin assignment or use Clock Region or Logic Lock Region assignments to constrain fan-out logic closer to the clock source. Use Clock Region assignments to specify the clock sectors and optimize the size of the clock tree.

After making any assignment changes, recompile the design and review the clock route length and clock tree size. Review the Compilation Report to ensure that the clock network does not restrict the performance of your design.

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