Arria® V Device Handbook: Volume 1: Device Interfaces and Integration

ID 683213
Date 10/18/2023
Document Table of Contents Data Realignment Block (Bit Slip)

Skew in the transmitted data along with skew added by the link causes channel-to-channel skew on the received serial data streams. If you enable the DPA, the received data is captured with different clock phases on each channel. This difference may cause misalignment of the received data from channel to channel. To compensate for this channel-to-channel skew and establish the correct received word boundary at each channel, each receiver channel has a dedicated data realignment circuit that realigns the data by inserting bit latencies into the serial stream.

An optional RX_CHANNEL_DATA_ALIGN port controls the bit insertion of each receiver independently controlled from the internal logic. The data slips one bit on the rising edge of RX_CHANNEL_DATA_ALIGN. The requirements for the RX_CHANNEL_DATA_ALIGN signal include the following items:

  • The minimum pulse width is one period of the parallel clock in the logic array.
  • The minimum low time between pulses is one period of the parallel clock.
  • The signal is an edge-triggered signal.
  • The valid data is available two parallel clock cycles after the rising edge of RX_CHANNEL_DATA_ALIGN.
Figure 148. Data Realignment TimingThis figure shows receiver output (RX_OUT) after one bit slip pulse with the deserialization factor set to 4.

The data realignment circuit can have up to 11 bit-times of insertion before a rollover occurs. The programmable bit rollover point can be from 1 to 11 bit-times, independent of the deserialization factor. Set the programmable bit rollover point equal to, or greater than, the deserialization factor—allowing enough depth in the word alignment circuit to slip through a full word. You can set the value of the bit rollover point using the IP Catalog. An optional status port, RX_CDA_MAX, is available to the FPGA fabric from each channel to indicate the reaching of the preset rollover point.

Figure 149. Receiver Data Realignment RolloverThis figure shows a preset value of four bit-times before rollover occurs. The rx_cda_max signal pulses for one rx_outclock cycle to indicate that rollover has occurred.