22.214.171.124. Specifying Initial Memory Contents at Power-Up
Your synthesis tool may offer various ways to specify the initial contents of an inferred memory. There are slight power-up and initialization differences between dedicated RAM blocks and the MLAB memory, due to the continuous read of the MLAB.
Intel FPGA dedicated RAM block outputs always power-up to zero, and are set to the initial value on the first read. For example, if address 0 is pre-initialized to FF, the RAM block powers up with the output at 0. A subsequent read after power-up from address 0 outputs the pre-initialized value of FF. Therefore, if a RAM powers up and an enable (read enable or clock enable) is held low, the power-up output of 0 maintains until the first valid read cycle. The synthesis tool implements MLAB using registers that power-up to 0, but initialize to their initial value immediately at power-up or reset. Therefore, the initial value is seen, regardless of the enable status. The Intel® Quartus® Prime software maps inferred memory to MLABs when the HDL code specifies an appropriate ramstyle attribute.
In Verilog HDL, you can use an initial block to initialize the contents of an inferred memory. Intel® Quartus® Prime Standard Edition integrated synthesis automatically converts the initial block into a Memory Initialization File (.mif) for the inferred RAM.
Verilog HDL RAM with Initialized Contents
module ram_with_init( output reg [7:0] q, input [7:0] d, input [4:0] write_address, read_address, input we, clk ); reg [7:0] mem [0:31]; integer i; initial begin for (i = 0; i < 32; i = i + 1) mem[i] = i[7:0]; end always @ (posedge clk) begin if (we) mem[write_address] <= d; q <= mem[read_address]; end endmodule
Intel® Quartus® Prime Standard Edition integrated synthesis and other synthesis tools also support the $readmemb and $readmemh attributes. These attributes allow RAM initialization and ROM initialization work identically in synthesis and simulation.
Verilog HDL RAM Initialized with the readmemb Command
reg [7:0] ram[0:15]; initial begin $readmemb("ram.txt", ram); end
In VHDL, you can initialize the contents of an inferred memory by specifying a default value for the corresponding signal. Intel® Quartus® Prime Standard Edition integrated synthesis automatically converts the default value into a .mif file for the inferred RAM.
VHDL RAM with Initialized Contents
LIBRARY ieee; USE ieee.std_logic_1164.all; use ieee.numeric_std.all; ENTITY ram_with_init IS PORT( clock: IN STD_LOGIC; data: IN UNSIGNED (7 DOWNTO 0); write_address: IN integer RANGE 0 to 31; read_address: IN integer RANGE 0 to 31; we: IN std_logic; q: OUT UNSIGNED (7 DOWNTO 0)); END; ARCHITECTURE rtl OF ram_with_init IS TYPE MEM IS ARRAY(31 DOWNTO 0) OF unsigned(7 DOWNTO 0); FUNCTION initialize_ram return MEM is variable result : MEM; BEGIN FOR i IN 31 DOWNTO 0 LOOP result(i) := to_unsigned(natural(i), natural'(8)); END LOOP; RETURN result; END initialize_ram; SIGNAL ram_block : MEM := initialize_ram; BEGIN PROCESS (clock) BEGIN IF (rising_edge(clock)) THEN IF (we = '1') THEN ram_block(write_address) <= data; END IF; q <= ram_block(read_address); END IF; END PROCESS; END rtl;
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