5.6. Smith Chart
The Smith Chart is a graphical representation of the impedances in a complex plane. You can use this to analyze transmission line impedance matching networks and capacitive or inductive behavior of loads. Figure 88 shows a typical Smith Chart. If the impedance is inductive, it shows up in the top half of the circle; if it is capacitive, it shows up in the bottom half. The far-right point in the middle represents an open circuit; the far left represents a short circuit. The middle point (label 1.0) represents a perfect load match to the characteristic impedance of the line.
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