AN 958: Board Design Guidelines

ID 683073
Date 6/26/2023
Document Table of Contents Filtering Noise

To diminish the low-frequency (less than 1 kHz) noise caused by the power supply, filter the noise on the power lines at the point where the power connects to the PCB and to each device. You may place a 100-μF electrolytic capacitor adjacent to the location where the power supply lines enter the PCB. If using a voltage regulator, place the capacitor immediately after the final stage that provides the VCC signal to the device(s). Capacitors not only filter low-frequency noise from the power supply, but also supply extra current when many outputs switch simultaneously in a circuit.

Another way to filter power supply noise is to place a non-resonant surface-mount ferrite bead, big enough to handle the current, in series with power supply. Place a 10-μF to 100μF bypass capacitor next to the ferrite bead (refer to Figure 16). Proper terminations, layouts, and filtering in a design eliminate the need for the ferrite bead. In this case, use a 0-Ω resistor instead of the ferrite bead.

Figure 16. Filtering Noise with Ferrite Bead

PCB elements add high-frequency noise to the power plane. To filter high-frequency noise at the device, place decoupling capacitors as close as possible to each VCC and ground pair. Placing the power and ground planes in parallel and separated by dielectric material provides another level of bypass capacitance. These parallel planes reduce the power-related high-frequency noise, since this type of capacitance has no effective series resistance (ESR) and no lead inductance.