AN 738: Intel® Arria® 10 Device Design Guidelines

ID 683555
Date 6/30/2017
Document Table of Contents I/O Power Guidelines

The dynamic power consumed in the I/O buffer is proportional to the total load capacitance; therefore, lower capacitance reduces power consumption.

Non-terminated I/O standards such as LVTTL and LVCMOS have a rail to-rail output swing equal to the VCCIO supply voltage. Because dynamic power is proportional to the square of the voltage, use lower voltage I/O standards to reduce dynamic power. These I/O standards consume little static power.

Because dynamic power is also proportional to the output transition frequency, use resistively-terminated I/O standards such as SSTL for high-frequency applications. The output load voltage swings by an amount smaller than the VCCIO around a bias point; therefore, dynamic power is lower than for non-terminated I/O under similar conditions.

Resistively-terminated I/O standards dissipate significant static power because current is constantly driven into the termination network. Use the lowest drive strength that meets your speed and waveform requirements to minimize static power when using resistively terminated I/O standards.

The power used by external devices is not included in the EPE calculations, so be sure to include it separately in your system power calculations.