R-Tile Avalon® Streaming Intel® FPGA IP for PCI Express* User Guide

ID 683501
Date 12/19/2022

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Document Table of Contents Link Inspector

The Link Inspector is found under the PCIe Link Inspector tab after opening the Debug Toolkit.

The Link Inspector is enabled by default when the Enable Debug Toolkit parameter is enabled. It tracks up to 1024 state transitions with the capability to dump them into a file.

Figure 62. View of the Link Inspector in 1x16 Mode

When the Dump LTSSM Sequence to Text File button is initially clicked, a text file (ltssm_sequence_dump_p*.txt) with the LTSSM information is created in the location where the System Console window is opened. Depending on the PCIe topology, there can be up to four text files. Subsequent LTSSM sequence dumps will append to the respective files.

Note: If you open System Console in a directory that is not writable, the text file is not generated. To avoid this issue, open System Console from the Command Prompt window (on a Windows system) or change the directory's permission settings to writable.

Each LTSSM monitor has a FIFO storing the time values and captured LTSSM states. When you choose to dump out the LTSSM states, reads are dependent on the FIFO elements and will empty out the FIFO.

The Link Inspector only writes to its FIFO if there is a state transition. In cases where the link is stable in L0, there is no write and hence no text file is dumped.

When you want to dump the LTSSM sequence, a single read of the FIFO status of the respective core is performed. Depending on the empty status and how many entries are in the FIFO, successive reads are executed.

Figure 63. Example LTSSM Sequence Dump