AN 739: Altera 1588 System Solution

ID 683410
Date 1/28/2016
Document Table of Contents FIFO

A FIFO is used to associate a PTP event with a timestamp for later retrieval. For example, in a 2-step operation, the FIFO will be used to remember the time that a packet has gone out so that it can be looked up and retrieved at the time that the CPU is ready to send out the follow-up response. Though the 1588 protocol is a slow protocol with 128 frames per second, the 1588 packets may arrive in burst or many contexts such as simultaneous flows or many PTP domains can coexist in a single clock device. Hence, a FIFO is sometimes required depending on the system performance requirements in a 2-step operation. Similarly, in 1-step operation, the timestamp T3 and optionally T2 needs to be collected by the PTP stack through a FIFO. The use cases are an Ordinary Clock-Master in 2-step, Boundary Clock-Master in 2-step, Ordinary Clock-Slave in both 1-step and 2-step, Boundary Clock-Slave in both 1-step and 2-step & Transparent Clock (TC) in 2-step. A typical size of the FIFO required is a network parameter, which can approximately range from 64 to 256 entrees.

The FIFO stores the timestamp along with the signature of the packet for the CPU to read the timestamp later. The CPU can match the timestamp’s signature with its signature of the packet before accepting the timestamp. If the timestamp is read out of order, the CPU can keep a shadow copy of the entry to match with other signatures and read the FIFO for the packet in context. A FIFO works more efficiently than a CAM the timestamps are read in order.