Intel® Quartus® Prime Pro Edition User Guide: Timing Analyzer

ID 683243
Date 10/04/2021
Public

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2.6.5.1. Creating Base Clocks

Base clocks are the primary input clocks to the device. The Create Clock (create_clock) constraint allows you to define the properties and requirements for clocks in the design. Unlike clocks that are generated in the device (such as an on-chip PLL), base clocks are generated by off-chip oscillators or forwarded from an external device. Define base clocks at the top of your .sdc file, because generated clocks and other constraints often reference base clocks. The Timing Analyzer ignores any constraints that reference an undefined clock.

The following examples show common use of the create_clock constraint:

 create_clock Command

The following specifies a 100 MHz requirement on a clk_sys input clock port:

create_clock -period 10 -name clk_sys [get_ports clk_sys]

100 MHz Shifted by 90 Degrees Clock Creation

The following creates a 10 ns clock, with a 50% duty cycle, that is phase shifted by 90 degrees, and applies to port clk_sys. This type of clock definition commonly refers to source synchronous, double-rate data that is center-aligned with respect to the clock.

create_clock -period 10 -waveform { 2.5 7.5 } [get_ports clk_sys]

Two Oscillators Driving the Same Clock Port

You can apply multiple clocks to the same target with the -add option. For example, to specify that you can drive the same clock input at two different frequencies, enter the following commands in your .sdc file:

create_clock -period 10 -name clk_100 [get_ports clk_sys]
create_clock -period 5 -name clk_200 [get_ports clk_sys] -add

Although uncommon to define more than two base clocks for a port, you can define as many as are appropriate for your design, making sure you specify -add for all clocks after the first.

Creating Multifrequency Clocks

You must create a multifrequency clock if your design has more than one clock source feeding a single clock node. The additional clock may act as a low-power clock, with a lower frequency than the primary clock. If your design uses multifrequency clocks, use the set_clock_groups command to define clocks that are physically exclusive (that is, clocks that are not physically present at the same time).

Use the create_clock command with the -add option to create multiple clocks on a clock node. You can create a 10 ns clock applied to clock port clk, and then add an additional 15 ns clock to the same clock port. The Timing Analyzer analyzes both clocks.

create_clock –period 10 –name clock_primary –waveform { 0 5 } \
    [get_ports clk]
create_clock –period 15 –name clock_secondary –waveform { 0 7.5 } \
    [get_ports clk] -add