AN 672: Transceiver Link Design Guidelines for High-Gbps Data Rate Transmission

ID 683624
Date 1/29/2020

1.3.4. Broadside Coupling

For differential pair traces routed on adjacent signal layers, broadside coupling is much stronger if there is any overlapping of traces. This problem usually occurs under the congested BGA area where routing is constrained.

Figure 18.  Broadside Coupled Traces

Broadside Coupled Traces

Simply increasing the vertical separation of broadside coupled traces is not practical because the required vertical separation (S) would need to be 10H for 1% coupling. This causes board thickness to quickly become unreasonable. Instead, broadside crosstalk minimization techniques should follow edge coupling rules by maintaining a 5H horizontal separation (D) between pairs on adjacent layer. For the congested BGA area, the suggested routing implementation helps to avoid trace overlap.

Figure 19. Broadside Coupling Avoidance

Broadside Coupling Avoidance

Figure 20.  Suggested Routing Under BGA Area

Suggested Routing Under BGA Area