Intel® Hyperflex™ Architecture High-Performance Design Handbook

ID 683353
Date 12/08/2023
Document Table of Contents Clock Domain Crossing Constraint Guidelines

You must apply appropriate timing constraints to any multi-bit clock domain crossing. The set_false_path constraint has a higher precedence than all other path-based constraints. Therefore, when a clock domain crossing has a set_false_path constraint, timing analysis can ignore other lower precedence constraints like skew.

Follow these guidelines to properly constrain a clock domain crossing:

  • Review the SDC timing constraints to ensure that no set_false_path constraint exists between the two clock domains.
  • To remove any false paths between two clock domains from setup and hold timing analysis, apply the set_clock_groups constraint, rather than set_false_path constraint. set_clock_groups has a lower precedence than set_false_path.
  • Constrain the paths between the two clock domains with set_net_delay to make the nets as short as possible.
  • Constrain the nets between the two clock domains with set_max_skew. You can view the results in comparison to your constraint in the Timing Analyzer reports.

The following shows example constraints for a clock domain crossing between data_a in clk_a clock domain, and data_b in clk_b clock domain:

create_clock -name clk_a -period 4.000 [get_ports {clk_a}]
create_clock -name clk_b -period 4.500 [get_ports {clk_b}]
set_clock_groups -asynchronous -group [get_clocks {clk_a}] -group \
     [get_clocks {clk_b}]
set_net_delay -from [get_registers {data_a[*]}] -to [get_registers \
     {data_b[*]}] -max -get_value_from_clock_period dst_clock_period \
     -value_multiplier 0.8
set_max_skew -from [get_keepers {data_a[*]}] -to [get_keepers {data_b[*]}] \
     -get_skew_value_from_clock_period src_clock_period \
     -skew_value_multiplier 0.8