Embedded Memory (RAM: 1-PORT, RAM: 2-PORT, ROM: 1-PORT, and ROM: 2-PORT) User Guide

ID 683240
Date 9/17/2021
Document Table of Contents

6.1. External ECC Implementation with True-Dual-Port RAM

The ECC features are only supported internally in simple dual-port RAM by Stratix IV devices when the M144K is implemented or by Stratix V when the M20K is implemented. Therefore, this design example describes how ECC features can be implemented in other RAM modes, regardless of the type of device memory block you use. It also demonstrates the features of the same-port and mixed-port read-during-write behaviors.

This design example uses a true dual-port RAM and illustrates how the ECC feature can be implemented external to the RAM. The ALTECC_ENCODER and ALTECC_DECODER IP cores are required as the ALTECC_ENCODER IP core encodes the data input before writing the data into the RAM, while the ALTECC_DECODER IP core decodes the data output from the RAM before transferring the data out to other parts of the logic.

In this design example, the raw data width is 8 bits and is encoded by the ALTECC_ENCODER IP core block to produce a 13-bit width data that is written into the true dual-port RAM when write-enable signal is asserted. Because the RAM mode has two dedicated write ports, another encoder is implemented for the other RAM input port.

Two ALTECC_DECODER blocks are also implemented at each of the data output ports of the RAM. When the read-enable signal is asserted, the encoded data is read from the RAM address and decoded by the ALTECC_DECODER blocks, respectively. The decoder shows the status of the data as no error detected, single-bit error detected and corrected, or fatal error (more than 1-bit error).

This example also includes a "corrupt zero bit" control signal at port A of the RAM. When the signal is asserted, it changes the state of the zero-bit (LSB) encoded data before it is written into the RAM. This signal is used to corrupt the zero-bit data storing through port A, and examines the effect of the ECC features.

This design example describes how ECC features can be implemented with the RAM for cases in which the ECC is not supported internally by the RAM. However, the design examples might not represent the optimized design or implementation.