Intel® MAX® 10 Analog to Digital Converter User Guide

ID 683596
Date 1/03/2024
Document Table of Contents

3.3. Guidelines: Board Design for Analog Input

The crosstalk requirement for analog to digital signal is -100 dB up to 2 GHz. There must be no parallel routing between analog input signals and I/O traces, and between analog input signals and FPGA I/O signal traces.
  • The ADC presents a switch capacitor load to the driving circuit. Therefore, the total RC constant, including package, trace, and parasitic driver must be less than 42.4 ns. This consideration is to ensure that the input signal is fully settled during the sampling phase.
  • If you reduce the total sampling rate, you can calculate the required settling time as 0.45 ÷ FS > 10.62 × RC constant .
  • To gain more total RC margin, Intel recommends that you make the driver source impedance as low as possible:
    • For non-prescaler channel—less than 1 kΩ
    • For prescaler channel—less than 11 Ω
    Note: Not adhering to the source impedance recommendation may impact parameters such as total harmonic distortion (THD), signal-to-noise and distortion ratio (SINAD), differential non-linearity (DNL), and integral non-linearity (INL).

Trace Routing

  • If possible, route the switching I/O traces on different layers.
  • There is no specific requirement for input signal trace impedance. However, the DC resistance for the input trace must be as low as possible.
  • Route the analog input signal traces as adjacent as possible to REFGND if there is no REFGND plane.
  • Use REFGND as ground reference for the ADC input signal.
  • For prescaler-enabled input signal, set the ground reference to REFGND. Performance degrades if the ground reference of prescaler-enabled input signal is set to common ground (GND).

Input Low Pass Filter Selection

  • Intel recommends that you place a low pass filter to filter out high frequency noise being aliased back onto the input signal.
  • Place the low pass filter as close as possible to the analog input signals.
  • The cut off frequency depends on the analog input frequency. Intel recommends that the Fcutoff @ -3dB is at least two times the input frequency.
  • You can download the ADC input SPICE model for ADC front end board design simulation from the Intel website.
Table 11.  RC Constant and Filter Value

This table is an example of the method to quantify the RC constant and identify the RC filter value.


Driver Board Package Pin Capacitance (pF) RC Filter Fcutoff @ -3dB (MHz) Total RC Constant (ns) Settling Time (ns)
R (Ω) C (pF) R (Ω) C (pF) R (Ω) C (pF) R (Ω) C (pF)
5 2 5 17 3 5 6 60 550 4.82 42.34 42.4
10 2 5 17 3 5 6 50 580 5.49 41.48 42.4
Figure 26. Passive Low Pass Filter Example

Figure 27. First Order Active Low Pass Filter ExampleThis figure is an example. You can design nth order active low pass filter.