MAX® 10 Embedded Multipliers User Guide

ID 683467
Date 3/08/2024
Document Table of Contents

2.1.2. Multiplier Stage

The multiplier stage of an embedded multiplier block supports 9 × 9 or 18 × 18 multipliers and other multipliers in between these configurations. Depending on the data width or operational mode of the multiplier, a single embedded multiplier can perform one or two multiplications in parallel.

Each multiplier operand is a unique signed or unsigned number. Two signals, signa and signb, control an input of a multiplier and determine if the value is signed or unsigned. If the signa signal is high, the Data A operand is a signed number. If the signa signal is low, the Data A operand is an unsigned number.

The following table lists the sign of the multiplication results for the various operand sign representations. The results of the multiplication are signed if any one of the operands is a signed value.

Data A Data B Result
signa Value Logic Level signb Value Logic Level
Unsigned Low Unsigned Low Unsigned
Unsigned Low Signed High Signed
Signed High Unsigned Low Signed
Signed High Signed High Signed

You can dynamically change the signa and signb signals to modify the sign representation of the input operands at run time. You can send the signa and signb signals through a dedicated input register. The multiplier offers full precision, regardless of the sign representation.

When the signa and signb signals are unused, the Quartus® Prime software sets the multiplier to perform unsigned multiplication by default.