Intel® Advisor User Guide

ID 766448
Date 7/13/2023
Public

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Document Table of Contents

CPU Roofline Report Overview

Review the controls available in the main report of the CPU / Memory Roofline Insights perspective of the Intel® Advisor.

Basic Roofline Chart (Low Accuracy)

There are several controls to help you focus on the Roofline chart data most important to you, including the following.


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  • Select Loops by Mouse Rect: Select one or more loops/functions by tracing a rectangle with your mouse.

  • Zoom by Mouse Rect: Zoom in and out by tracing a rectangle with your mouse. You can also zoom in and out using your mouse wheel.

  • Move View By Mouse: Move the chart left, right, up, and down.

  • Undo or Redo: Undo or redo the previous zoom action.

  • Cancel Zoom: Reset to the default zoom level.

  • Export as x: Export the chart as a dynamic and interactive HTML or SVG file that does not require the Intel Advisor viewer for display. Use the arrow to toggle between the options.

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Use the Cores drop-down toolbar to:

  • Adjust rooflines to see practical performance limits for your code on the host system.

  • Build roofs for single-threaded applications (or for multi-threaded applications configured to run single threaded, such as one thread-per-rank for MPI applications. (You can use Intel Advisor filters to control the loops displayed in the Roofline chart; however, the Roofline chart does not support the Threads filter.)

Choose the appropriate number of CPU cores to scale roof values up or down:

  • 1 – if your code is single-threaded

  • Number of cores equal or close to the number of threads – if your code has fewer threads than available CPU cores

  • Maximum number of cores – if your code has more threads than available CPU cores

By default, the number of cores is set to the number of threads used by the application (even values only).

You’ll see the following options if your code is running on a multisocket PC:

  • Choose Bind cores to 1 socket (default) if your application binds memory to one socket. For example, choose this option for MPI applications structured as one rank per socket.

    NOTE:
    This option may be disabled if you choose a number of CPU cores exceeding the maximum number of cores available on one socket.
  • Choose Spread cores between all n sockets if your application binds memory to all sockets. For example, choose this option for non-MPI applications.

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  • Toggle the display between floating-point (FLOP), integer (INT) operations, and mixed operations (floating-point and integer).

  • If you collected Roofline with Calltacks: Enable the display of Roofline with Callstacks additions to the Roofline chart.

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Display Roofline chart data from other Intel Advisor results or non-archived snapshots for comparison purposes.

Use the drop-down toolbar to:

  • Load a result/snapshot and display the corresponding filename in the Compared Results region.

  • Clear a selected result/snapshot and move the corresponding filename to the Ready for comparison region.

    Note: Click a filename in the Ready for comparison region to reload the result/snapshot.

  • Save the comparison itself to a file.

    NOTE:
    The arrowed lines showing the relationship among loops/functions do not reappear if you upload the comparison file.

Click a loop/function dot in the current result to show the relationship (arrowed lines) between it and the corresponding loop/function dots in loaded results/snapshots.

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Add visual indicators to the Roofline chart to make the interpretation of data easier, including performance limits and whether loops/functions are memory bound, compute bound, or both.

Use the drop-down toolbar to:

  • Show a vertical line from a loop/function to the nearest and topmost performance ceilings by enabling the Display roof rulers checkbox. To view the ruler, hover the cursor over a loop/function. Where the line intersects with each roof, labels display hardware performance limits for the loop/function.

  • If you collected Roofline for All Memory Levels: Visually emphasize the relationships among displayed memory levels and roofs and for a selected loop/function dot by enabling the Show memory level relationships checkbox.

  • Color the roofline zones to make it easier to see if enclosed loops/functions are fundamentally memory bound, compute bound, or bound by compute and memory roofs by enabling the Show Roofline boundaries checkbox.

The preview picture is updated as you select guidance options, allowing you to see how changes will affect the Roofline chart’s appearance. Click Apply to apply your changes, or Default to return the Roofline chart to its original appearance.

Once you have a loop/function's dots highlighted, you can zoom and fit the Roofline chart to the dots for the selected loop/function by once again double-clicking the loop/function or pressing SPACE or ENTER with the loop/function selected. Repeat this action to return to the original Roofline chart view.

To hide the labeled dots, select another loop/function, or double-click an empty space in the Roofline chart.

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  • Roofline View Settings: Adjust the default scale setting to show:

    • The optimal scale for each Roofline chart view

    • A scale that accommodates all Roofline chart views

  • Roofs Settings: Change the visibility and appearance of roofline representations (lines):

    • Enable calculating roof values based on single-threaded benchmark results instead of multi-threaded.
    • Click a Visible checkbox to show/hide a roofline.
    • Click a Selected checkbox to change roofline appearance: display a roofline as a solid or a dashed line.
    • Manually fine-tune roof values in the Value column to set hardware limits specific to your code.
  • Loop Weight Representation: Change the appearance of loop/function weight representations (dots):

    • Point Weight Calculation: Change the Base Value for a loop/function weight calculation.
    • Point Weight Ranges: Change the Size, Color, and weight Range (R) of a loop/function dot. Click the + button to split a loop weight range in two. Click the - button to merge a loop weight range with the range below.
    • Point Colorization: color loop/function dots by weight ranges or by type (vectorized or scalar). You can also change the color of loop with no self time.

You can save your Roofs Settings or Point Weight Representation configuration to a JSON file or load a custom configuration.

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