Matrix-Normal Models for fMRI Analysis

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Multivariate analysis of fMRI data has benefited substantially from advances in machine learning. Most recently, a range of probabilistic latent variable models applied to fMRI data have been successful in a variety of tasks, including identifying similarity patterns in neural data (Representational Similarity Analysis and its empirical Bayes variant, RSA and BRSA; Intersubject Functional Connectivity, ISFC), combining multi-subject datasets (Shared Response Mapping; SRM), and mapping between brain and behavior (Joint Modeling). Although these methods share some underpinnings, they have been developed as distinct methods, with distinct algorithms and software tools...