SDI Audio Intel FPGA IP User Guide

ID 683333
Date 12/15/2021

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3.5. AES Format

The SDI cores use the AES standard. The Audio Engineering Society (AES), together with the European Broadcasting Union (EBU), created a digital audio transmission standard known as the AES/EBU standard. The AES standard is a digital audio standard for transporting digital audio signals serially between devices.

Using the AES format requires the entire 64-bit AES frame to be sent serially. As the AES defines the preambles as biphase mark codes, which cannot be directly decoded to 4 bits, you must replace the preambles with X = 0000b, Y = 0001b, and Z = 0010b. This internal AES format serializes the bit-parallel data words by sending the least significant bits (LSB) first, with the audio sample (up to 24 bits).

This figure shows the timing diagram of the internal AES format.
Figure 4. Internal AES Format Timing Diagram