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2.3.2. Arithmetic Logic Unit
The arithmetic logic unit (ALU) operates on data stored in general-purpose registers. ALU operations take one or two inputs from registers and store the result back into the register.
|Arithmetic||Addition and subtraction on signed and unsigned operands.|
|Relational||Equal, not-equal, greater-than-or-equal, and less-than relational operations (==, != >=, <).|
|Logical||AND, OR, NOR, and XOR logical operations.|
|Shift||Logical and arithmetic shift operations.|
For load and store instructions, the Nios® V/m processor uses the ALU to calculate the memory address. For conditional control transfer instructions, Nios® V/m processor uses the relational operations in the ALU to determine if the processor takes or leaves the branch..
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