Prerequisites References Secure Boot Stages Intel® Arria® 10 SoC Secure Boot Architecture Software Image Authentication Overview of the Secure Boot Flow Software Image Encryption Software Image Authentication and Encryption Intel® Arria® 10 SoC FPGA Authentication Signing Utility Secure Boot Examples Appendix A: Secure Boot Image Python Script: alt_authtool.py Appendix B: Frequently Asked Questions Document Revision History for the AN 759: Using Secure Boot in Intel® Arria® 10 SoC Devices
What are the secure configurations for HPS JTAG debug and access? Can the HPS perform decryption of the boot image instead of the FPGA CSS? What happens if the first stage boot ROM is unsuccessful in authenticating the second-stage boot loader? Can you use the first-stage root key as the subsequent stage root key? When the second-stage image is authenticated, is the image header only copied to on-chip RAM for authentication? Can the AES encryption key be updated by the HPS using JTAG hosting? How does U-Boot (SSBL) authenticate next stage boot images? Which elliptical cryptography is used for boot image signing and authentication? How do I generate a signing key pair? Where can I store the signing keys for second-stage boot loader authentication? What type of cryptography is used for boot image encryption and decryption? What FPGA locations are available for AES key storage? How do I generate an AES key to encrypt a boot image? How is secure boot defined within the Intel® Arria® 10 SoC product family? What security choices are available for the second-stage boot image or user software? Where is the authentication of the boot image performed? Where is decryption of the boot image performed? How can I configure the Intel® Arria® 10 SoC device so that it always performs authentication or authentication and decryption? How can I program the key authentication key (KAK) into the Intel® Arria® 10 SoC device? How can I configure the second stage boot loader image for the correct authentication signing key type? How do I configure the second-stage boot loader image for encryption using the pre-generated AES key? Is the ECDSA private and public key pair that is used for signing the boot image also used for authentication of the FPGA image?
Creating a Signed and Encrypted First-Stage Boot Loader Image
The following example shows how to perform the following tasks.
- Create a secure signing and an encryption key.
- Generate and build an encrypted boot loader image with the secure encryption key, using the Intel® Arria® 10 SoC FPGA Authentication Signing Utility.
- Demonstrate secure boot using the encrypted boot loader image from the SD card.
- Follow steps Step 1 to Step 4 from the Creating an Encrypted First-Stage Boot Loader Image section.
- Use the encrypted image in Step 1 and sign the image, refer to the steps from the Creating a Signed First-Stage Boot Loader Image from Step 3.
- Program the authentication key and encryption key to the board virtually.
- Copy u-boot_w_dtb-signed-encrypted-x4.abin to the SD/MMC, QSPI, and NAND flash on the board.
- Boot the board.
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