The latest security information on Intel® products.
Intel® Processors Load Value Injection Advisory
Potential security vulnerabilities in some Intel® Processors may allow information disclosure. Intel and others are releasing software updates to mitigate these potential vulnerabilities.
Description: Load value injection in some Intel(R) Processors utilizing speculative execution may allow an authenticated user to potentially enable information disclosure via a side channel with local access.
CVSS Base Score: 5.6 Medium
CVSS Vector: CVSS:3.1/AV:L/AC:H/PR:L/UI:N/S:C/C:H/I:N/A:N
A list of impacted products can be found here.
To mitigate the potential exploits of Load Value Injection (LVI) on platforms and applications utilizing Intel® SGX, Intel is releasing updates to the SGX Platform Software (PSW) and SDK starting today. The Intel® SGX SDK includes guidance on how to mitigate LVI for Intel® SGX application developers. Intel has likewise worked with our industry partners to make application compiler options available and will conduct an SGX TCB Recovery. Refer to Intel® SGX Attestation Technical Details for more information on SGX TCB Recovery.
Intel recommends the following steps:
Impacted system users:
- Ensure the latest Intel SGX PSW 220.127.116.11 or above for Windows* and 18.104.22.168 or above for Linux is installed
SGX Application Providers:
- Review the technical details provided here and follow the recommendation.
- Intel is releasing an SGX SDK update to assist the SGX application provider in updating their enclave code. To apply the mitigation, SDK version 22.214.171.124 or above for Windows* and 126.96.36.199 or above for Linux should be used.
- Increase the Security Version Number (ISVSVN) of the enclave application to reflect that these modifications are in place.
- For solutions that utilize Remote Attestation, refer to the Intel® SGX Attestation Technical Details to determine if you need to implement changes to your SGX application for the purpose of SGX attestation.
The required SGX PSW and SDK versions are available today through the download links below.
The latest Windows* SGX PSW and SDK can be found here: https://registrationcenter.intel.com/en/forms/?productid=2614
The latest Linux SGX PSW and SDK can be found here: https://01.org/intel-software-guard-extensions/downloads
Intel is not currently aware of any load value injection-specific universal or non universal gadget for Operating System from Application, VMM from VM, between guests in Virtualized environments, between different application and inside an application and is not releasing additional mitigations for these environments. As a best practice, Intel recommends that users update to the latest Operating System and VMM provided by your system vendors. For application developers or system administrators that wish to consider additional mitigations tailored to their specific threat models, additional information is available here, which contains additional technical details about this issue and mitigations.
Intel would like to thank Jo Van Bulck from imec-DistriNet, KU Leuven who first reported this issue to us. Intel would like to thank all researchers involved in this academic paper for adhering to coordinated disclosure.
Intel would like to thank Dan Lutas and Andrei Lutas from BitDefender who subsequently reported a variant of LVI to us.
Intel, and nearly the entire technology industry, follows a disclosure practice called Coordinated Disclosure, under which a cybersecurity vulnerability is generally publicly disclosed only after mitigations are available.
Legal Notices and Disclaimers
Intel provides these materials as-is, with no express or implied warranties.
All products, dates, and figures specified are preliminary based on current expectations, and are subject to change without notice.
Intel, processors, chipsets, and desktop boards may contain design defects or errors known as errata, which may cause the product to deviate from published specifications. Current characterized errata are available on request.
Intel technologies’ features and benefits depend on system configuration and may require enabled hardware, software or service activation. Performance varies depending on system configuration. No computer system can be absolutely secure. Check with your system manufacturer or retailer or learn more at https://intel.com.
Some results have been estimated or simulated using internal Intel analysis or architecture simulation or modeling, and provided to you for informational purposes. Any differences in your system hardware, software or configuration may affect your actual performance.
Intel and the Intel logo are trademarks of Intel Corporation in the United States and other countries.
*Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others.
Copyright © Intel Corporation 2020
Report a Vulnerability
If you have information about a security issue or vulnerability with an Intel branded product or technology, please send an e-mail to email@example.com. Encrypt sensitive information using our PGP public key.
Please provide as much information as possible, including:
- The products and versions affected
- Detailed description of the vulnerability
- Information on known exploits
A member of the Intel Product Security Team will review your e-mail and contact you to collaborate on resolving the issue. For more information on how Intel works to resolve security issues, see:
For issues related to Intel's external web presence (Intel.com and related subdomains), please contact Intel's External Security Research team.