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Intel® Optane SSD Firmware Advisory

Intel ID: INTEL-SA-00563
Advisory Category: Firmware
Impact of vulnerability: Escalation of Privilege, Denial of Service, Information Disclosure
Severity rating: HIGH
Original release: 05/10/2022
Last revised: 05/10/2022

Summary: 

Potential security vulnerabilities in some Intel® Optane™ SSD and Intel® Optane™ SSD Data Center (DC) products may allow escalation of privilege, denial of service or information disclosure.  Intel is releasing firmware updates and prescriptive guidance to mitigate these potential vulnerabilities.

Vulnerability Details:

CVEID: CVE-2021-33078

Description: Race condition within a thread in firmware for some Intel(R) Optane(TM) SSD and Intel(R) SSD DC Products may allow a privileged user to potentially enable denial of service via local access.

CVSS Base Score: 7.9 High

CVSS Vector: CVSS:3.1/AV:L/AC:L/PR:H/UI:N/S:C/C:N/I:H/A:H

 

CVEID: CVE-2021-33077

Description: Insufficient control flow management in firmware for some Intel(R) SSD, Intel(R) Optane(TM) SSD and Intel(R) SSD DC Products may allow an unauthenticated user to potentially enable escalation of privilege via physical access.

CVSS Base Score: 7.3 High

CVSS Vector: CVSS:3.1/AV:P/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:C/C:H/I:H/A:N

 

CVEID: CVE-2021-33080

Description: Exposure of sensitive system information due to uncleared debug information in firmware for some Intel(R) SSD DC, Intel(R) Optane(TM) SSD and Intel(R) Optane(TM) SSD DC Products may allow an unauthenticated user to potentially enable information disclosure or escalation of privilege via physical access.

CVSS Base Score: 7.3 High

CVSS Vector: CVSS:3.1/AV:P/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:C/C:H/I:H/A:N

 

CVEID: CVE-2021-33074

Description: Protection mechanism failure in firmware for some Intel(R) SSD, Intel(R) SSD DC and Intel(R) Optane(TM) SSD Products may allow an unauthenticated user to potentially enable information disclosure via physical access.

CVSS Base Score: 6.8 Medium

CVSS Vector: CVSS:3.1/AV:P/AC:H/PR:N/UI:N/S:C/C:H/I:H/A:N

 

CVEID: CVE-2021-33069

Description: Improper resource shutdown or release in firmware for some Intel(R) SSD, Intel(R) SSD DC, Intel(R) Optane(TM) SSD and Intel(R) Optane(TM) SSD DC may allow a privileged user to potentially enable denial of service via local access.

CVSS Base Score: 6.0 Medium

CVSS Vector: CVSS:3.1/AV:L/AC:L/PR:H/UI:N/S:C/C:N/I:N/A:H

 

CVEID: CVE-2021-33075

Description: Race condition in firmware for some Intel(R) Optane(TM) SSD, Intel(R) Optane(TM) SSD DC and Intel(R) SSD DC Products may allow a privileged user to potentially enable denial of service via local access.

CVSS Base Score: 6.0 Medium

CVSS Vector: CVSS:3.1/AV:L/AC:L/PR:H/UI:N/S:C/C:N/I:N/A:H

 

CVEID: CVE-2021-33083

Description: Improper authentication in firmware for some Intel(R) SSD, Intel(R) Optane(TM) SSD, Intel(R) Optane(TM) SSD DC and Intel(R) SSD DC Products may allow an privileged user to potentially enable information disclosure via local access.

CVSS Base Score: 6.0 Medium

CVSS Vector: CVSS:3.1/AV:L/AC:L/PR:H/UI:N/S:C/C:N/I:N/A:H

 

CVEID: CVE-2021-33082

Description: Sensitive information in resource not removed before reuse in firmware for some Intel(R) SSD and Intel(R) Optane(TM) SSD Products may allow an unauthenticated user to potentially enable information disclosure via physical access.

CVSS Base Score: 5.3 Medium

CVSS Vector:  CVSS:3.1/AV:P/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:C/C:H/I:N/A:N

Affected Products:

Effective December 29th, 2021, the following products continue being supported by Intel Corporation:

Intel® Optane™ SSD DC D4800X Series all versions.

Intel® Optane™ SSD DC P4800X/P4801X Series before version E2010600.

Intel® Optane™ SSD P5800X Series before version L3010200.

Intel® Optane™ SSD 905P/900P Series all versions.

Intel® Optane Memory H10 with Solid State Storage Series all versions.

Intel® Optane Memory H20 with Solid State Storage Series all versions.

For affected Intel® SSD or Intel® SSD DC NAND products, Intel recommends customers consult the security advisory published at https://www.solidigmtechnology.com/en/support.html or contact Solidigm™ technology at security@solidigmtechnology.com.

Recommendations:

Product Family

Mitigated Version or higher

Intel® Optane™ SSD DC D4800X Series

Consult prescriptive guidance

Intel® Optane™ SSD DC P4800X/P4801X Series

E2010600

Intel® Optane™ SSD P5800X Series

L0310200

Intel® Optane™ Memory H20 with Solid State Storage

PGF028K

Consult prescriptive guidance

Intel® Optane™ Memory H10 with Solid State Storage

TGF061K

Intel® Optane™ SSD 905P/900P Series

FW600

 

Prescriptive guidance for CVE-2021-33082: A possible workaround is to use one of the following commands listed below instead of the Sanitize command with Block Erase operation:

  • NVMe Sanitize command, Crypto Erase (SANACT=04h) or
  • NVMe Format NVM command, User Data Erase or Crypto Erase (SES=01h or SES=02h)

Check the Identify Controller Data Structure below, for capability your drive supports in lieu of sanitize erase feature:

  • Sanitize command, Crypto Erase (offset 331:328, SANICAP bit 00h) and
  • NVMe Format NVM command (offset 257:256, OACS bit 01h)

Updates are available for download at this location: https://www.intel.com/content/www/us/en/support/products/35125/memory-and-storage.html#support-product-selector

Acknowledgements:

These issues were found internally by Intel.

Intel, and nearly the entire technology industry, follows a disclosure practice called Coordinated Disclosure, under which a cybersecurity vulnerability is generally publicly disclosed only after mitigations are available.

Revision History

Revision Date Description
1.0 05/10/2022 Initial Release

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