Quantum Computing | Achieving Quantum Practicality
Intel Labs is working to achieve quantum practicality, the transition of quantum technology from the lab to commercial quantum systems that solve real-world problems. With the help of industry and academic partners, Intel has made significant progress in realizing this vision.
Quantum Computing Research
Quantum computing employs the properties of quantum physics like superposition and entanglement to perform computation. Traditional transistors use binary encoding of data represented electrically as “on” or “off” states. Quantum bits or “qubits” can simultaneously operate in multiple states enabling unprecedented levels of parallelism and computing efficiency.
Today’s quantum systems only include tens or hundreds of entangled qubits, limiting them from solving real-world problems. To achieve quantum practicality, commercial quantum systems need to scale to over a million qubits and overcome daunting challenges like qubit fragility and software programmability. Intel Labs is working to overcome these challenges with the help of industry and academic partners and has made significant progress.
First, Intel is leveraging its expertise in high-volume transistor manufacturing to develop ‘hot’ silicon spin-qubits, much smaller computing devices that operate at higher temperatures. Second, the Horse Ridge II cryogenic quantum control chip provides tighter integration. And third, the cryoprober enables high-volume testing that is helping to accelerate commercialization.
Even though we may be years away from large-scale implementation, quantum computing promises to enable breakthroughs in materials, chemicals and drug design, financial and climate modeling, and cryptography.