CDC-50007: CDC Bus Constructed with Multi-bit Synchronizer Chains with Insufficient Constraints
Description
Violations of this rule identify multi-bit synchronizer chains that form a CDC bus with insufficient constraints. Without proper constraints, all bits of such a bus may not latch on the same clock cycle.
Recommendation
If the bus does not transfer Gray-coded data, change its implementation to incorporate a control signal since synchronizer chains are not sufficient to ensure that all bits of the bus settle on the same clock cycle.
If the bus transfers Gray-coded data, apply a set_max_skew constraint on the bits of the synchronizer bus to ensure that all bits latch on the same clock cycle. The value of the skew constraint must be equal to or lower than either the source or destination clock period, whichever is lower. This can be accomplished with the following constraint:
set_max_skew -get_skew_value_from_clock_period min_clock_period -skew_value_multiplier $value_between_0_and_1 -from [get_registers $source_registers] -to [get_registers $destination_registers]
Also, ensure that a set_net_delay constraint exists on the bits of the bus to limit their allowable delay. The value of the net delay constraint must be equal to or lower than the destination clock period. This can be accomplished with the following constraint:
set_net_delay -max -get_value_from_clock_period dst_clock_period -value_multiplier $value_between_0_and_1 -from [get_registers $source_registers] -to [get_registers $destination_registers]
Severity
High
Tags
Tag | Description |
---|---|
synchronizer | |
cdc-bus |
Device Family
- Intel^{®} Cyclone^{®} 10 GX
- Intel^{®} Arria^{®} 10
- Intel^{®} Stratix^{®} 10
- Intel^{®} Agilex™