Linux* e1000 Base Driver Overview and Installation

Last Reviewed: 13-Sep-2017
Article ID: 000006866

Using the e1000 base driver for Intel® Gigabit Network Connections

Note The e1000 driver is no longer maintained as a standalone component. Requests for support should be routed to the maintainer of your Linux* distribution.

The e1000 driver supports Legacy (PCI, PCI-X*) Gigabit Network Connections.

For information concerning driver configuration details, please refer to the README file located at the download link above.


The Linux base drivers support the 2.4.x and 2.6.x kernels. These drivers includes support for Itanium® 2 Processor-based systems.

These drivers are only supported as a loadable module. Intel is not supplying patches against the kernel source to allow for static linking of the drivers. For questions related to hardware requirements, refer to the documentation supplied with your Intel® Gigabit adapter. All hardware requirements listed apply to use with Linux.

The following features are now available in supported kernels:

  • Native VLANs
  • Channel Bonding (teaming)
  • SNMP

Channel Bonding documentation can be found in the Linux kernel source: /documentation/networking/bonding.txt.

The driver information previously displayed in the /proc file system is not supported in this release. Alternatively, you can use ethtool (version 1.6 or later), lspci, and ifconfig to obtain the same information. Instructions on updating ethtool can be found in the section Additional configurations later in this document.

Note The Intel® 82562V Fast Ethernet PHY 10/100 Network Connection only provides 10/100 support.

Building and installation

To build a binary RPM* package of this driver, run "rpmbuild -tb e1000.tar.gz".

  • For the build to work properly, the currently running kernel MUST match the version and configuration of the installed kernel sources. If you have just recompiled the kernel reboot the system now.

  • RPM functionality has only been tested in Red Hat distributions.

  1. Move the base driver tar file to the directory of your choice. For example, use "/home/username/e1000" or "/usr/local/src/e1000".

  2. Untar/unzip the archive, where <x.x.x> is the version number for the driver tar file:

    tar zxf e1000-<x.x.x>.tar.gz
  3. Change to the driver src directory, where <x.x.x> is the version number for the driver tar:

    cd e1000-<x.x.x>/src/
  4. Compile the driver module:

    # make install

    The binary will be installed as:

    /lib/modules/<KERNEL VERSION>/kernel/drivers/net/e1000/e1000.[k]o

    The install location listed above is the default location. This may differ for various Linux distributions.

  5. Load the module using either the insmod or modprobe command:

    modprobe e1000 insmod e1000

    Note that for 2.6 kernels the insmod command can be used if the full path to the driver module is specified. For example:

    insmod /lib/modules/<KERNEL VERSION>/kernel/drivers/net/e1000/e1000.ko

    With 2.6 based kernels also make sure that older e1000 drivers are removed from the kernel, before loading the new module:

    rmmod e1000; modprobe e1000
  6. Assign an IP address to the interface by entering the following, where <x> is the interface number:

    ifconfig eth<x> <IP_address>
  7. Verify that the interface works. Enter the following, where <IP_address> is the IP address for another machine on the same subnet as the interface that is being tested:

    ping <IP_address>