JPEG-EX-F: Ultra-Fast, 4K/8K, Baseline and Extended JPEG Encoder

Block Diagram

Solution Type: IP Core

End Market: Automotive, Broadcast, Computer & Storage, Consumer, Industrial, Medical, Military, Test & Measurement

Evaluation Method: OpenCore, OpenCore Plus

Technology: DSP: Video and Image Processing

Arria Series: Intel® Arria® 10, Arria® V, Intel® Arria® 10 SoC, Arria® V SoC

Cyclone Series: Cyclone® IV, Cyclone® V, Cyclone® V SoC

MAX Series: Intel® MAX® 10

Stratix Series: Stratix® IV, Stratix® V


This IP core supports the Baseline Sequential DCT and the Extended Sequential DCT modes of the ISO/IEC 10918-1 standard. It implements a scalable, ultra-high-performance, hardware JPEG encoder that can compress high pixel rate video using significantly fewer silicon resources and less power than encoders for video compression standards such as HEVC/H,265, DSC, AVC/H.264, or JPEG200. The JPEG-EX-F Encoder produces compressed JPEG images and the video payload for Motion-JPEG container formats. It accepts images with up to 12-bits per color samples and up to four color components, in all widely-used color subsampling formats. Depending on its configuration, the encoder processes from 2 to 32 color samples per clock cycle, enabling it to compress UHD (4K/8K) video and/or very high frame video. The core operates without any assistance from the host processors, and uses AXI-stream interfaces for pixel and stream data, and a 32-bit APB slave interface for registers access.


  • Standards: ISO/IEC 10918-1 Baseline (8bit) and Extended Sequential DCT (12bit) modes
  • Input format: 8bit and 12bit per color, up to 4 color-components in all widely used subsampling format, and resolution up to 64kx64k
  • Fully programmable markers and ending options: up to 4 Huffman Tales, up to 4 Quantization tables, APP, COM, and Restart marker segments.
  • Rate control optionally supported. Bit rate is regulated on either each frame basis or over a number of frames (suitable for video streaming).
  • Synthesis-time configurable throughput, and up to 32 samples per clock cycle

Device Utilization and Performance

The JPEG-EX-F core can be mapped to any Intel® FPGA Device (provided sufficient silicon resources are available) and optimized to suit the particular project's requirements. The size of the core depends on its configuration. For example a core configured to process 2 pixels per cycle (JPEG-EXF/2) occupies approximately 6,000 ALMs, 8 DSPs and 80Kbits of memory, and can process UHD/4k at 30fps on Intel Arria® 10 device. Under the same configuration the core can process 1080p60 in Max 10 devices. Faster processing rates are feasible in most Intel FPGAs. Please contact CAST to discuss resource utilization and performance for your application and target device.

Getting Started

Contact CAST at to arrange for a core evaluation

IP Quality Metrics

Year IP was first released2016
Latest version of Quartus supported15.1
Altera Customer Use
IP has been successfully implemented in production with at least one customerY

Customer deliverables include the following:

  • Design file (encrypted source code or post-synthesis netlist)
  • Simulation model for ModelSim Altera edition
  • Timing and/or layout constraints
  • Testbench or design example
  • Documentation with revision control
  • Readme file
Any additional customer deliverables provided with IP
Bit-Accurate Software Model
Parameterization GUI allowing end user to configure IPN
IP core is enabled for OpenCore Plus SupportY
Source language
Testbench languageVerilog
Software drivers providedN
Driver OS supportNot required
User InterfaceAXI
IP-XACT Metadata includedN
Simulators supportedModelsim, Questa, NCSIM
Hardware validated Y. Altera Board Name ArriaV GX devkit
Industry standard compliance testing performed
If No, is it planned?N
IP has undergone interoperability testing
Interoperability reports available  N

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