L- and H-tile Avalon® Streaming and Single Root I/O Virtualization (SR-IOV) Intel® FPGA IP for PCI Express* User Guide

ID 683111
Date 3/07/2022
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4.3. Base Address Registers

Table 14.  BAR Registers

Parameter

Value

Description

Type

Disabled

64-bit prefetchable memory

32-bit non-prefetchable memory

If you select 64-bit prefetchable memory, 2 contiguous BARs are combined to form a 64-bit prefetchable BAR; you must set the higher numbered BAR to Disabled. A non-prefetchable 64‑bit BAR is not supported because in a typical system, the maximum non-prefetchable memory window is 32 bits.

Defining memory as prefetchable allows contiguous data to be fetched ahead. Prefetching memory is advantageous when the requestor may require more data from the same region than was originally requested. If you specify that a memory is prefetchable, it must have the following 2 attributes:

  • Reads do not have side effects such as changing the value of the data read
  • Write merging is allowed
Note: BAR0 is not available if the internal descriptor controller is enabled.
Size

256 Bytes – 8 EBytes

Specifies the size of the address space accessible to the BAR.

Expansion ROM

Disabled

4 KBytes - 16 MBytes

Specifies the size of the option ROM.
Note: If the Expansion ROM BAR of PF2 or PF3 is disabled, a memory read access to the BAR is responded to with 32'h0000_0000 indicating that the corresponding ROM BAR does not exist. Software should not take any further action to allocate memory space for the disabled ROM BAR. When the Expansion ROM BAR is enabled, the application is required to respond with 16'hAA55 to a memory read to the first two bytes of the ROM space.