Documentation

  • 5.0
  • 04/26/2022
  • Public Content

Create Virtual Machine with Intelligent Desktop Virtualization (IDV)

Intelligent Desktop Virtualization (IDV) is a new model for managing thin clients and delivering virtualized computing environments so that IT can support the same number of end users while reducing the number of devices deployed. To provide virtualized computing environments, the model uses high-performance PC devices that are physically located in the same location as users and offers virtualization that is controlled at the server for overall management. Three user terminals can be supported by the same in-room high performance PC, each using their own input, display, and audio peripherals. When dealing with use cases that demand simultaneous support for over 30 users, this allows the IT department to dramatically reduce management requirements.
To learn more about IDV, click here.
To create a Virtual Machine with IDV, you must first perform the pre-setup and then install the IDV feature from the UI as described below.

Pre-Setup for Creating VM with IDV

Manage Power Settings
Linux distros may have different power management settings that can affect the IDV feature. Since the Guest OS is not aware of changes to the Host power management status, we recommend changing some settings for a better user experience and to prevent unexpected issues:
  1. Disable the option of the monitor dimming on time-out for the current user login and "root".
    Take Ubuntu 18.04 as an example.
    From Gnome GUI:
    Go to
    Settings
    >
    Power
    >
    Power Saving
    . Set
    Blank Screen
    to "
    Never
    ".
    From CLI:
    gsettings set org.gnome.desktop.session idle-delay 0
  2. Disable lock screen on suspend/resume for the current user login and "root".
    Take Ubuntu 18.04 as an example.
    From CLI:
    gsettings set org.gnome.desktop.screensaver ubuntu-lock-on-suspend false
Increase vGPU Instances
  1. Enter BIOS setup.
  2. Go to
    BIOS Settings
    >
    Advanced
    >
    SA Configuration
    >
    Graphic Configuration
    >
    vGPU Instances
    Note:
    • Different systems may have different paths of BIOS settings.
    • Some systems do not support higher aperture sizes due to limitations in the BIOS settings, as configured by the manufacturer.
    • After updating to the latest BIOS, check if more features are exposed in the BIOS setup. Else, find another system that can support a higher aperture size in the BIOS setup.
    • Example 1 (WHL CBRD):
    • Example 2 (NUC10):
  3. Save and boot up to check the latest number of GVT-g (vGPU) instances.
    • Example 1 (NUC10 @ 4096 MB):
    • Example 2 (NUC10 @ 256 MB):
On some platforms (NUC Extreme Kit CFL 9th gen - i7-9750H), vGPU instances cannot be increased even after increasing the aperture size.

Step 1: Go to Configure > Virtual Machines

  1. To install the IDV feature, go to the
    Settings
    tab in the
    Virtual Machines
    page and click on the
    Install IDV Feature
    button.
  2. This installation process may take 15 to 20 minutes.
  3. Once the IDV feature is installed, reboot the Host machine for the IDV feature to be functional. To use the feature, once it is functional, select a virtual machine template or create a new template and map the display settings to vGPU ports. The settings selected in the templates will be reflected in the virtual machines created through them. Follow the steps in the Add Virtual Machine Templates section to create a new VM template.

Step 2: Add Virtual Machine

  1. In the
    Virtual Machines
    screen under the
    VM Instances
    tab, click on
    Add Virtual Machine
    .
  2. Name the Virtual Machine. Do not use spaces or special characters.
    Click on
    Next
    .
  3. Select the VM template that you created in the previous step and click on
    Next
    .
  4. In the next screen, you can choose to install an Edge Software Package on a Virtual Machine. Select from the list of packages uploaded onto the Host machine.
    Edge Software Packages are not available for installation or not supported on VDI enabled Virtual Machines, ISO image based templates, and Windows templates.
  5. Click on
    Next
    .
    In this screen, you can review details for the Virtual Machine being created and go back to previous steps to make changes, if needed.
  6. Click on
    Install
    .
  7. Click on
    Close
    for the installation to proceed in the background.
    You will see a notification letting you know a new virtual machine is configured. The installation will proceed in the background and you will be able to see the progress in the Virtual Machines screen.
Once installation is complete, the Virtual Machine will be powered on automatically. Use the
Actions
shortcuts to manage the virtual machine and access its console.

Product and Performance Information

1

Performance varies by use, configuration and other factors. Learn more at www.Intel.com/PerformanceIndex.