|Intel« Pentium« 4 Processors|
|System Build Checklist for Intel« Pentium« 4 Processors|
Before you start to assemble
||Only a computer professional should perform assembling, disassembling, upgrading and troubleshooting computers since the electronic devices may cause serious damage to the installer, the system, or its components if it is done improperly. Before attempting to disassemble or assemble computers, install components in a computer or troubleshoot computers, carefully review the documentation specific for the computer and its related components. Lastly, make sure to follow Electrostatic Discharge (ESD) procedures.|
- Ensure the selected motherboard is appropriate for the processor model, frequency, and stepping you are planning to use.
- Verify that your chassis/case and power supply is appropriate for the processor model and frequency and the motherboard you are planning to use.
- Verify that the power supply has the capacity to power all the devices used in your system.
Building the system
Install the selected hard drives, floppy drive, DVD or CD-ROM player, CD-RW drive, and other devices into the chassis.
- If you are going to connect a single IDE device to an IDE channel (single cable), you will need to verify the jumpers on the drive are configured as a stand-alone drive. If you are connecting two IDE devices to an IDE channel, you will need to configure one drive as the master and the second drive as the slave drive. Refer to the documentation that comes with the hard drive.
- If you are going to connect SCSI devices, each drive on a chain must have a unique SCSI ID. In addition, you must make sure that only the two end devices (controller card included) are terminated and the other devices are not terminated. Today, most SCSI devices are auto-terminating or the have a built-in terminator. Check the documentation that comes with your SCSI controller card and SCSI devices.
Remove the motherboard from its protective packaging and place it on a firm (but not hard) surface, ideally a grounded anti-static pad.
Install the motherboard into the chassis. Always install any standoffs needed to support the motherboard, especially in the areas where additional cards will be placed.
Remove the processor from its protective packaging (make sure you are grounded), install the processor into the motherboard socket, andáthen install the appropriate thermal solution (heatsink and fan assembly). Always follow the Processor Installation Guides and pay particular attention to processor and heatsink orientation.
Check the motherboard for any jumper settings. Many motherboards do not require jumpers and some may have one jumper that may to be set to put the motherboard into auto-configure mode.
||If the processor is located under the power supply, which is not accessible without removing the motherboard, you may need to install the processor and thermal solution before installing the motherboard.|
Ensure selected memory (128 Mbytes or more are recommended for best performance) is found on the motherboard maker's recommended memory list. If the motherboard manufacturer does not have a verified/recommended memory listing, check with the memory supplier to verify that they have tested your chosen motherboard to be compatible with the memory modules you plan to purchase. Sometimes, if the memory is not on the selected memory list, the system may not boot or the system may be unreliable.
Install the recommended memory into the motherboard. Be sure to install the RAM in the sequence required for the motherboard. Verify each memory DIMM, RIMM or Continuity RIMM module is inserted all the way and locked in place. If you are installing a system with RDRAM, every memory socket of a channel must contain a RIMM or a Continuity RIMM module. In addition, you must view the motherboard documentation to determine which memory sockets belong to which memory channel.
If your system does not include an internal video card or you wish to use a high-performance graphics card, install the video card and fasten down the card with the holdings screw. Have the latest drivers available (see the Web site of the card maker). You will need the drivers later.
Connect the power cables to the drives and motherboard.
Connect the hard drive, floppy, and DVD (CD-ROM) data cables in the normal manner. Verify that the cables are installed securely and with the proper edge on Pin 1.
||Pin 1 will be typically closest to the power connector.|
- If your floppy disk drive ribbon cable is on backwards, the floppy disk drive light will stay on and it will destroy any floppy disk inserted into the drive.
- If your hard drive ribbon cable is connected backward, the system may not power on.
- If you are using Ultra DMA-66 (ATA-66) or Ultra DMA-100 (ATA-100) drive, you must use a 40-pin 80-conductor ribbon cable. If you don't use the correct ribbon cable, the drive may not be recognized by the system or will not run at the correct speed. In addition, the blue connector attaches to the controller on the motherboard. The gray connector is in the middle of the cable and goes to any slave drive (if present). The black connector is at the opposite end from the controller connector and goes to the master or a single drive, if only one is used.
Connect the monitor cable, keyboard cable, and mouse cable to the rear of the system.
Verify the voltage selector switch on the power supply is correctly selected (115 volts versus 230 volts).
Connect the AC power cord on the power supply. It is recommended to use a surge protector rated for protecting computer systems.
Turn on the system and see if the machine will power up.
If the system powers up and text appears on the screen, shut off your system and continue with the next step. If the system does not power up at all, make sure all cables are attached correctly, all memory chips and the processor are inserted correctly, all expansion cards are inserted properly, the system is plugged in and there is power to the AC outlet. Also check your AC voltage. If all appears correct, look for foreign objects on and underneath your motherboard such as paperclips and loose screws. Lastly, make sure that you have installed all of the spacers for the motherboard.
Before loading the operating system
- Check your motherboard vendor's Web site for the latest version of the system ROM BIOS. If your system does not have the newest system ROM BIOS or you are not sure, upgrade your system ROM system with the latest version. Be sure to follow the instructions provided by the motherboard vendor; make sure that you are using the correct files for your motherboard. Lastly, when you are running the program that updates the BIOS, be sure not to turn off your computer. If you update the motherboard with the wrong BIOS files or your computer is turned off for any reason while updating the BIOS, the system may not function.
Loading the operating system, drivers and programs
- Power the system on and begin loading the operating system following the operating system installation instructions.
- Check the operating system vendor for service packs and apply them as needed.
- For optimized performance for motherboards based on Intel chipsets, you may need to load the Intel® Chipset Software Installation Utility. The Intel Chipset Software Installation Utility installs specific Windows* INF files. The Intel Chipset Software Installation Utility for Intel chipsets can be downloaded from the Web site and The User's Manual contains a table that indicates if the Intel Chipset Software Installation Utility is needed for a specific chipset and a specific version of Windows. If the operating system does not contain the specific Windows INF files and you install the Intel Chipset Software Installation Utility, your device manager will indicate several unknown devices and the performance of your system will be hampered.
- Install the bus mastering IDE driver. For motherboards with the Intel chipset, install the Intel® Application Accelerator located on your motherboard CD or can be downloaded from the Web site.
- Check the peripheral manufacturer's Web site for the latest drivers for the video card, sound card, network interface card, etc. Install the latest drivers if they were not already installed during the operating system setup.
- Connect to the Internet and start Microsoft Internet Explorer*. Open the Tools menu and select the Windows Update option. Check for any updates for your operating system.
- Load any application software and utility programs. It is also recommended to load current anti-virus software.
This applies to:
|End of Interactive Support Disclaimer
Intel will not provide future software updates to support new operating systems or improve compatibility with third-party devices and software products.
Solution ID: CS-008001|
Last Modified: 26-Sep-2014
Date Created: 22-Dec-2003