Intel's Advanced Networking Services for NetWare* 4.1x and Higher
iANS.LAN is the Intel software for NetWare 4.11 and higher that provides a variety of advanced networking services (ANS). These benefits include the teaming and VLAN based features.
VLAN (Virtual LAN) support includes support of IEEE 802.1q and Cisco ISL*.
- Adapter Fault Tolerance (AFT),
- Adaptive Load Balancing (ALB),
- Port Aggregation (Intel Link Aggregation, Cisco* Fast EtherChannel* (FEC) or Gigabit EtherChannel* (GEC),
With NetWare, VLAN and ANS (teaming) features may be used simultaneously.
Descriptions of the various modes and their specific requirements are:
You may also identify which adapters in a team you want to use as the primary and secondary cards. The Primary will be the first card to be used in a team. For fault tolerance, the primary is the only card used until a failure. For ALB, the primary is the card that both transmits and receives. The Secondary is the preferred adapter (in a more than 2 card team) to fill the role of primary adapter upon a failure of the primary.
- AFT (Adapter Fault Tolerance). Default mode. A secondary adapter in the team will automatically take over on any failure of the primary connection (cable, adapter or port). Only one card is active at a time. If there is a failover to a second card, control passes back to the primary adapter when it is restored. May use a mixed speed team. May use a hub or any switch.
- ALB (Adaptive Load Balancing or asymmetrical link aggregation). A team of 2-8 adapters share the transmission load while the primary receives and transmits. Includes fault tolerance support. Should be a same speed team. May use any hub or switch.
- FEC (Cisco*'s Fast EtherChannel* Technology and Intel Link Aggregation). A team of 2-8 adapters which simultaneously receive and transmit. Includes fault tolerance support. Should be a same-speed team. Requires a switch that supports Intel Link Aggregation or Cisco's FEC. Spanning Tree Protocol must be turned off.
- GEC - Gigibit equivalent of FEC. Requires GEC compatible switch and Gigabit Adapters.
VLAN (Virtual LAN):
VLANs will be enabled if a vlanID is stated when iANS is first loaded. VLAN is a network subset formed through software rather than hardware proximity. VLANs provide secure access, segmented broadcast traffic, and centralized management for improved performance. Requires a VLAN capable switch (10 or 100). Connection must be made to ports tagged with numbers identical to that assigned to the adapter.802.1q support is provided by all Intel PRO adapters except the PRO/100 B. Cisco ISL VLAN support is provided by the PRO/100 Intelligent Server adapter. Additionally the PRO/100 Intelligent Server adapter provides Cisco ISL VLAN support if on the Load iANS line you add "vlanmode=ISL". There is a limit of 64 VLANs per server.
- These advanced networking features only work with Intel Server adapters.
- Each team requires at least one Server adapter.
- All adapters must use the same frame type parameter.
- Some features require a connection to a switch (preferably 100baseTX or greater) that has link aggregation and/or VLAN capability.
- Link all adapters of an ALB, FEC or GEC team to the same segment using the same speed and duplex, otherwise performance will be greatly degraded. AFT teams must also be connected to the same segment but may consist of adapters using different speeds and duplex modes. If using different speed adapters on an AFT team, set the fastest adapter as the "primary".
- When using iANS.LAN, do NOT bind the network protocols (IPX, IP, etc) directly to the base driver of an adapter used with iANS. Instead, bind iANS to the base driver and the protocol(s) to iANS. Doing otherwise can cause routing errors messages, but most likely the protocols bound directly to the base drivers will simply not work.
- The install utility (INSTALL.NLM for NetWare 4.x, and NWCONFIG.NLM for NetWare 5.0) should not be used to configure iANS.LAN because of the configuration complexity of this driver. It may be used to copy iANS.LAN into place which will be done automatically if the utility is used to install CE100B. However, an attempt to install and configure iANS.LAN with that tool will result in several lines being added to the AUTOEXEC.NCF that appear as a normal LAN driver load and bind statement. These lines will need to be removed or replaced with a valid set of iANS commands. An alternative is to manually copy the the iANS.LAN driver to the sys:\system directory.
- Some advanced features are also adapter dependent as the table below depicts. The term "Teaming' used here implies teaming modes of AFT(T), ALB(B), FEC(F), and GEC(G).
|Server Adapters supported
|PRO/1000 Gigabit Server Adapter
|PRO/100 Intelligent Server Adapter
|PRO/100+ Server Adapter
|PRO/100+ Dual Port Server Adapter
|PRO/100 and PRO/100 S Server Adapters
||Only fault tolerance should use mixed speed teams. All other Intel PRO adapters may be part of an ANS team with all features except for some VLAN capability. All except the PRO/100B adapter will work for 802.1q VLAN.|
For more information on features, switches, and specific adapter compatibility, see the Intel website.
Locations of ANS driver (required for some ANS features):
- For PRO/100+ Server Adapters:
- For PRO/1000 and PRO/100 Intelligent Server Adapters:
(Navigate to "Software & Driver Downloads", "Network Products", "Ethernet Adapters", then to the appropriate adapter listing.)
For more information on specific load commands for AFT, ALB or FEC see the Adapter Teaming example file (examples.txt) in the \Info\General directory on the CD.
VLAN command lines
Allocating Memory for VLANS:
In order to function properly, the adapters configured for VLAN must be connected to a "tagged" port (called a trunk port by Cisco) on an 802.1q capable switch.
- When using multiple VLANs, the server's default packet buffers will probably need to be increased. To do this, add the following lines to the STARTUP.NCF file which is located in the same directory that NetWare is launched from. Usually C:\NWSERVER\STARTUP.NCF:
SET MINIMUM PACKET RECEIVE BUFFERS = X
SET MAXIMUM PACKET RECEIVE BUFFERS = Y
- Where "X" is the minimum number of packet receive buffers the system will allocate and "Y" is the maximum. Make sure that the maximum setting is equal to or greater than the minimum setting. The number of buffers required is based on the number of VLANs and whether or not load balancing or FEC / GEC is in use.
- For every VLAN used, iANS will request 64 buffers. When in load sharing modes (ALB, FEC and GEC) 64 buffers are needed for each adapter in the team. The non load sharing fault tolerant mode (AFT) only requires the 64 buffers for one of the adapters in the team.
- As an example, an ALB team of 2 adapters that uses 12 VLANs would require 64 [buffers] * 2 [adapters] * 12 [VLANs] = 1536 for the minimum packet receive buffers. This number is in addition to any other buffers that the server may require for other purposes.
- The default amount of memory used by each NetWare receive buffer is approximately 4K (varies slightly with different versions). If the extra memory requirement for VLAN is a problem, there are several things that can be done to reduce the impact.
- If ethernet is the only network topology that the server uses, the size of the buffer can be reduced to 2000 bytes (the maximum ethernet frame size plus some out of band data used by iANS) without impacting the performance of the server. This is done by adding the following line to the STARTUP.NCF file:
SET MAXIMUM PHYSICAL RECEIVE PACKET SIZE = 2000
||This will not work if ethernet "jumbo frames" are in use. In fact, the packet size will have to be increased to accommodate the Jumbo Frames. Jumbo frames are supported only with Gigabit adapter and requires switch infrastructure that supports Jumbo Frames.|
- A keyword is included for iANS that allows the administrator to reduce the buffer requirement per VLAN from 64 down to as low as 32, however, this will negatively impact the server's performance. The syntax is:
LOAD IANS TX_ECBS_TO_USE = X
Where "X" is the number of buffers to use for each VLAN.
Example for a Single 802.1q VLAN Team:
Load ce100b slot=5 frame=ethernet_802.3 name=e83
Load ians vlanid=2 frame=ethernet_802.3 name=T1-VL2 team=1
Load ians vlanid=3 frame=ethernet_802.3 name=T1-VL3 team=1
Bind ians e83 team=1
Load ians commit mode=AFT team=1
Bind ipx T1-VL2 net=2
Bind ipx T1-VL3 net=3)
See examples.txt for several examples of configuring teams, vlans and both.
- Gigabit adapters - The PRO/1000 adapter may be teamed with certain Intel(R) Fast Ethernet adapters for AFT mode only. The PRO/1000 should be designated the preferred primary adapter for best performance. Drivers may be found on the Intel website.
Intelligent Server Adapters (CE100snw basedriver) also require a recent basedriver (ce100snw v.1.20 or later), available on the Intel website.
- Required Settings in STARTUP.NCF
SET MINIMUM PACKET RECEIVE BUFFERS = 200 (or larger)
SET MAXIMUM PACKET RECEIVE BUFFERS = 500 (or larger)
MINIMUM must be at least 100 times the # of adapters in server. For fault tolerance alone, only one adapter in the team requires an additional 64 buffers. For load sharing (ALB,FEC,GEC), 64 buffers are needed for EACH adapter in the team along with any other buffer requirements from other settings.
Example: A 2-adapter ALB team with 12 VLANs would require 1736 (64*2*12 + 2x100) buffers along with any other buffer requirements. See also VLAN memory note #6 below.
MAXIMUM must be greater than Minimum and is limited only by the amount of memory in the machine.
- If you receive the ERROR MESSAGE (at commit): "Failed to create new team," check the following:
- All adapters have loaded drivers and have the same frame types loaded.
- iANS is loaded once for each vlan and frame type.
- All adapters are connected to the same network segment.
d. iANS is not being bound to an unsupported adapter.
- An "iANS BIND" command has been issued for each adapter and frame type in the team.
To display the current status for all adapters in a iANS team:
||Novell's CONFIG command will not reflect the iANS BIND statements until after the COMMIT has been successfully issued.|
LOAD iANS STATUS team=(name)
To create the primary adapter: BIND iANS PRIMARY Example: BIND iANS CE100B_1_E82 PRIMARY This can only be done during in the BIND command.
The default amount of memory used by each NetWare receive buffer is approximately 4K (varies slightly with different versions). If the extra memory requirement for VLAN is a problem, there are several things that can be done to reduce the impact:
- If Ethernet is the only network topology that the server uses, and you are not using "jumbo frames", add (to STARTUP.ncf):
SET MAXIMUM PHYSICAL RECEIVE PACKET SIZE = 2000
- Use the iANS keyword TX_ECBS_TO_USE to reduce the buffers per VLAN from 64 down to as low as 32. This WILL negatively impact performance (while reducing system resources required).
Example: LOAD IANS TX_ECBS_TO_USE = n (# buffers for each VLAN)
This applies to: