Everybody Has a Story
After listening to and reading several biographies, both in books and magazines, elementary students brainstorm about what makes a biography interesting and what makes a person important to answer the Essential Question, How are we all unique? They then interview the residents of a local nursing home to find out what makes the person unique and write articles about them. After students receive feedback from their peers and participate in student-led conferences with the teacher about their writing, they work in a group to compile the articles into a magazine. In a final celebration, the students share their publication with the senior citizens who they interviewed.
- Essential Question
How are we all unique?
- Unit Questions
What makes a biography interesting?
How is my life like the lives of others?
- Content Questions
What is a good interview question?
How do I punctuate quotations?
This timeline shows in chronological order the different types of formal and informal assessments that occur during the unit. The table below explains how each assessment is used and who uses it for what purpose.
| Students work on projects
and complete tasks
| After project work
|Assessment||Process and Purpose of Assessment|
|Discussion||Students read biographies and discuss what makes a person important. The teacher uses the information from this discussion to guide students as they plan and conduct their interviews.|
|T-Chart||The teacher uses students’ contributions about what details were selected for the biographies they read to plan instruction to help students choose what to include in the biographies they write.|
|Journals||Students write in journals about what makes the person in the biographies they are reading interesting and important. The teacher uses this information to plan mini-lessons during the reading and writing stages of the project.|
|Practice Interview Feedback Form
||Pairs of students role-play an interview in front of a small group of their peers who fill out this form to give them feedback about their interviewing techniques.|
||Before students conduct their interviews, they use this checklist to help them prepare for a successful interview.|
||This checklist reminds students of what they need to include in their articles while they are writing.|
|Magazine Article Rubric||Students provide suggestions for what makes articles interesting and their thoughts are included in a rubric for the magazine articles. Students use the rubric as they write to help them produce high-quality writing and to give feedback to their peers in writing groups. The teacher uses the rubric to assess the individual articles in the magazine.|
|Writing Conference Preparation
||Students use the Magazine Article Rubric, and think about their past writing, to prepare for their writing conference with the teacher. The teacher collects information from the student during the conference in order to provide appropriate individual instruction and to determine classroom trends and issues to inform future teaching and learning activities.|
|Peer Writing Feedback
||Students meet periodically in small groups to share their writing and to use the Magazine Article Rubric to provide feedback about content, organization, style, and conventions.|
||This checklist helps students manage their time efficiently while they are putting together their magazine.|
|Magazine Rubric||In groups, students use this rubric to help them create a magazine that meets high standards of quality.|
||When the magazine is completed and shared, students write a metacognitive reflection in which they describe what they learned about writing and interviewing and set goals for their next writing project.|
A teacher contributed this idea for a classroom project. A team of educators expanded the plan into the example you see here.
At a Glance
Grade Level: 3-5
Subject(s): Reading, Writing, Oral Language
Higher-Order Thinking Skills: Metacognition, Making Connections
Key Learnings: Interviewing, Narrative Writing, Biographies
Time Needed: 40 minutes a day for 2 weeks